Saturday, July 26, 2014

Friday July 25 Cattle on Feed Report + Ag News

NEBRASKA CATTLE ON FEED UP 4 PERCENT 

Nebraska feedlots, with capacities of 1,000 or more head, contained 2.26 million cattle on feed on July 1, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. This inventory was up 4 percent from last year.  Placements during June totaled 375,000 head, up 14 percent from 2013.   Fed cattle marketings for the month of June totaled 500,000 head, up 4 percent from last year.   Other disappearance during June totaled 25,000 head, up 15,000 from a year ago.



IOWA CATTLE ON FEED UP 3% FROM LAST YEAR


Cattle and calves on feed for slaughter market in Iowa for all feedlots totaled 1,150,000 on July 1, 2014, according to the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service, Iowa Field Office.  The inventory is down 4 percent from June 1, 2014, but up 3 percent from July 1, 2013.   Feedlots with a capacity greater  than 1,000 head had 620,000 head on  feed, down 3 percent from last month but up 7 percent from last year.  Feedlots with a capacity less than 1,000 head had 530,000 head on feed, down 5 percent from last month and down 2 percent from last year.

Placements  during  June  totaled  94,000  head,  a  decrease  of  2  percent  from  last month  and  15  percent  from  last  year.  Feedlots with a capacity greater than 1,000 head placed 54,000 head, unchanged from last month but up 20 percent from last year.  Feedlots with a capacity less than 1,000 head placed 40,000 head. This is down 5 percent from last month and down 39 percent from last year.

Marketings for June were 138,000 head, unchanged from last month but down 11 percent from last year. Feedlots with a capacity greater  than 1,000 head marketed 70,000 head, unchanged  from  last month but down 4 percent from  last year.   Feedlots with a capacity  less  than 1,000 head marketed 68,000 head, unchanged  from  last month but down 17 percent from last year. Other disappearance totaled 6,000 head.



United States Cattle on Feed Down 2 Percent

   
Cattle and calves on feed for slaughter market in the United States for feedlots with capacity of 1,000 or more head totaled 10.1 million head on July 1, 2014. The inventory was 2 percent below July 1, 2013. The inventory included 6.46 million steers and steer calves, down 1 percent from the previous year. This group accounted for 64 percent of the total inventory. Heifers and heifer calves accounted for 3.60 million head, down 5 percent from 2013.

Placements in feedlots during June totaled 1.46 million, 6 percent below 2013. Net placements were 1.38 million head. During June, placements of cattle and calves weighing less than 600 pounds were 400,000, 600-699 pounds were 245,000, 700-799 pounds were 320,000, and 800 pounds and greater were 490,000.

Marketings of fed cattle during June totaled 1.85 million, 2 percent below 2013. This is the lowest fed cattle marketings for the month of June since the series began in 1996. Other disappearance totaled 75,000 during June, 19 percent above 2013.

United States All Cattle on Feed down 6 Percent from 2012

Cattle on feed July 1, 2014, from all feedlots in the United States, totaled 11.6 million, down 6 percent from the 12.30 million on July 1, 2012. Cattle on feed in feedlots with 1,000 or more head accounted for 87 percent of the total cattle on feed on July 1, 2014, up slightly from July 1, 2012.



July 1 Cattle Inventory Down 3 Percent from 2012


All cattle and calves in the United States as of July 1, 2014, totaled 95.0 million head, 3 percent below the 97.8 million on July 1, 2012. This is the lowest all cattle and calves inventory for July 1 since the series began in 1973. After a year absence due to sequestration, the July Cattle report has been reinstated.

All cows and heifers that have calved, at 39.0 million, were down 2 percent from July 1, 2012.
*    Beef cows, at 29.7 million, were down 3 percent from July 1, 2012.
*    Milk cows, at 9.3 million, up 1 percent from July 1, 2012.
   
Other class estimates on July 1, 2014 and the changes from July 1, 2012, are as follows:
*    All heifers 500 pounds and over, 14.9 million, down 5 percent.
*    Beef replacement heifers, 4.1 million, down 2 percent.
*    Milk replacement heifers, 3.9 million, down 5 percent.
*    Other heifers, 6.9 million, down 7 percent.
*    Steers, weighing 500 pounds and over, 13.5 million, down 4 percent.
*    Bulls, weighing 500 pounds and over, 1.9 million, unchanged.
*    Calves under 500 pounds, 25.7 million, down 3 percent.
*    All cattle and calves on feed for slaughter, 11.6 million, down 6 percent.

The 2014 calf crop is expected to be 33.6 million, down 1 percent from 2013 and down 2 percent from 2012. Calves born during the first half of the year are estimated at 24.3 million, down 2 percent from 2013 and down 3 percent from 2012.



Heineman Announces Pawnee County Designated Livestock Friendly


Friday, Gov. Dave Heineman announced the official designation of Pawnee County as Nebraska’s newest county to receive the Livestock Friendly County designation through the Nebraska Department of Agriculture.

“The designation of Pawnee County as Livestock Friendly is another reason why Nebraska is the number one cattle feeding state in America,” said Gov. Heineman. “Agriculture is our state’s most important industry, and livestock production is an essential part of our success. Being part of the Livestock Friendly program is significant and it is a great way to recognize the tremendous positive impact the livestock industry has on Main Streets and the local economy.”

With the addition of Pawnee County, there are now 27 counties designated as Livestock Friendly through the state program. These counties join Adams, Banner, Box Butte, Cuming, Dawes, Dawson, Deuel, Dodge, Gage, Garden, Grant, Hitchcock, Holt, Jefferson, Johnson, Kimball, Keith, Lincoln, Merrick, Morrill, Otoe, Pawnee, Saline, Scotts Bluff, Sheridan, Wayne and Webster counties.

Gov. Heineman presented the Livestock Friendly certificate to Pawnee County Commissioners Dennis Schaardt, Bradley Stake, and Jan Lang.

Pawnee County will receive road signs bearing the program logo to display along highways. The state program is coordinated by the Department of Agriculture.

Department of Agriculture Director Greg Ibach said the official designation makes a positive statement about each county’s commitment to rural economic development through livestock production. “It is clear from the submitted materials that county officials have given some purposeful thought to supporting the livestock industry. We are pleased to welcome Pawnee County into the program.”

To apply for a livestock friendly county designation, the county board must hold a public hearing and pass a resolution to apply. A completed application is then submitted to Department of Agriculture for review. Local producers or community groups can encourage their county board to submit a livestock friendly county application.

Additional information on the Livestock Friendly County program is available by contacting the Nebraska Department of Agriculture toll-free at 800-422-6692, or by visiting the Department of Agriculture website at www.nda.nebraska.gov and clicking the Livestock Friendly County link.



Public Hearings Scheduled at the Upper Big Blue NRD Regarding the FY2015 Budget and Tax Request


The Upper Big Blue NRD Board of Directors have scheduled a Public Hearing for the FY2015 Budget on Thursday, August 21, 2014 at 7:30 p.m., and a Special Public Hearing for the FY2015 Tax Request for Thursday, September 18, 2014 at 7:30 p.m.  Both of these hearings will be conducted at the Upper Big Blue Natural Resources District office building located at 105 N. Lincoln Avenue, York, Nebraska.  The proposed budget for FY2015 continues to include safety measures for protecting District citizens and enhancing the delivery of quality services.  The public is welcome and encouraged to attend these Public Hearings.

The Upper Big Blue Natural Resources District (NRD) protects lives, property and the future of this area through a wide-range of stewardship, management and educational programs—from flood control to groundwater monitoring, from irrigation management to outdoor recreation and more.  Activities and projects of the Upper Big Blue NRD are reviewed and approved by a locally elected Board of Directors.  The Upper Big Blue NRD is one of 23 Natural Resources Districts across the state.  For more information, visit www.upperbigblue.org or call (402) 362-6601.  



No Appetite for Politics on the Dinner Plate

Senator Mike Johanns

Federal diet recommendations are at risk of becoming the latest battleground for the Administration’s creeping environmental regulatory scheme. Every five years, the Department of Agriculture (USDA) and the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) come together to revise federal dietary recommendations, which are supposed to be based on the latest nutrition science. Rather than focusing solely on current nutrition and health advances to inform Americans of healthy food regimens, the discussions are skewing towards   so-called environmentally “sustainable” practices laid out by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), which has seemed to go out of its way to be at odds with conventional agriculture. In other words, nutrition science and our producer’s voices may take a back seat to the Administration’s political agenda.

Lost in that discussion is the focus on the scientific nutritional values of different food options. This marks a significant expansion from the historical scope, which Congress intended to “contain nutritional and dietary information and guidelines,” as stated in the National Nutrition Monitoring and Related Research Act of 1990.

The joint USDA-HHS Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee (DGAC), which is responsible for the updated guidelines, has established a “Food Safety and Sustainability” subcommittee, and while it remains unclear just how far the committee will go to push an environmental agenda, I question whether their recommendations will be rooted in the latest advances in nutrition and health science. In recent meetings, DGAC has focused discussions on environmentally sustainable diets, arguing that eating less meat will be better for the planet.  Committee members reportedly said that transitioning from a meat-based diet to a plant-based diet should be encouraged in all food sectors. DGAC also discussed how marketing new plant-based diet recommendations as environmentally friendly may attract more people to adopt changes in their diet. This sort of costly guideline has no basis in nutrition, but it has major implications for farmers, ranchers and those who consume their products.

For years, conventional agriculture products have been deemed perfectly healthy by the federal agencies. Changing the focus based on policy ideas unrelated to nutrition science confuses the message regarding healthy diets with the Administration’s environmental agenda.

Improving dietary recommendations should not be a regulatory potluck, where every aspect of the President’s agenda has a seat at the table. In Nebraska, ag producers strive to produce safe and nutritious food while being good stewards of the  environment.  Their livelihoods depend on it. The Administration should stay within the scope of science-based nutrition advances when developing new diet recommendations, and save the political battles for other venues. Rest assured, I will continue to push for objective dietary guidelines that promote healthy eating habits from healthy sources, like Nebraska’s ag producers.



Young NE agricultural leaders attend Leadership Mission


Young leaders in agriculture attended Corn Congress in Washington, D.C. last week to learn more about U.S. agricultural policy, meet with policy leaders and take part in Corn Congress with corn grower leaders from across the country.

Each summer, corn grower leaders and staff from state and national corn associations gather in Washington D.C. for a series of action team and committee meetings, visits with their respective state’s Congressional delegation and the semi-annual Corn Congress.

The Nebraska Corn Board sponsored nine delegates to partake in the second annual Leadership Mission after being selected through an application process to attend the Corn Congress. Delegates consisted of young agricultural leaders from the LEAD program and FFA.

While in Washington, D.C., delegates had the opportunity to engage in meetings with Federal agencies, national agricultural cooperators and associations, engage in international trade policy discussions, participate in Congressional visits and network with industry leaders. They also had a tour with leadership mission delegates from Iowa and Ohio. As a group, they toured the Delmarva region and observed agriculture at Wye Angus, Arnold Vegetable Farms, cucumber harvest at Nagel Farm and Kenny Bros Grading Operation.

“The Corn Congress Leadership Mission was very insightful,” said Morgan Zumpfe, Nebraska Corn Board intern from Friend, Nebraska and past leadership mission participant. Zumpfe helped coordinate the mission and attended the event with the delegation in Washington, D.C. “Visiting a cucumber harvest, getting to question the people who determine our laws, and experiencing corn industry leaders from all states working cooperatively helped us realize how complex agriculture is.”

This year’s delegates were: Keith Borer, Elgin, Nebraska; Ryan Broderson,  Randolph, Nebraska; Nicole D’Angelo, Auburn, California; Kerry McPheeters, Gothenburg, Nebraska; Jolene Messinger, McCook, Nebraska; Andy Method, Decatur, Nebraska; Joel Miller, Hampton, Nebraska; Glen Ready, Scribner, Nebraska; and Courtney Spilker, Beatrice, Nebraska.

“I am very glad to have been given this opportunity. As someone interested in Ag Policy and in advocating for our farmers, this opportunity has allowed me to network with some of the key policy makers and advocates in the ag industry,” said Glen Ready, UNL student and leadership mission delegate from Scribner. “Nebraska Corn Board and the National Corn Growers Association have been an integral part in giving me the opportunities, and I am incredibly grateful that I have had the chance to develop skills to better serve our state.”

Upon returning from the tour, delegates will submit a report of activities to the Board and submit a blog post to be featured on the Nebraska Corn Kernels blog.

“The Corn Congress trip broadened my understanding of the ground roots process that the national and state corn growers and Nebraska Corn Board has available for Nebraska producers to have a voice in Washington,” said Keith Borer, LEAD participant from Elgin. “The trip helped me understand the many parts of the U.S. government and all of the different forces pulling our elected representatives in different directions. We must be active voices to our representatives to ensure they represent Nebraska’s farm economy well.”



FLEMING RECEIVES NAYI’S HIGHEST AWARD


During the 43rd Annual Nebraska Agricultural Youth Institute (NAYI) held earlier this month, the Nebraska Agricultural Youth Council (NAYC) presented its highest honor, the NAYI Award of Merit, to Dr. Richard Fleming.

“Each year the NAYI Award of Merit is presented to an individual who has shown a strong commitment to youth, along with a dedication to the betterment of the agricultural industry,” said NAYC Adviser Christin Kamm.  “This year, Dr. Fleming joins a long list of Award of Merit recipients who have impacted the lives of Nebraska’s youth.”

Dr. Fleming has been with the University of Nebraska – Lincoln (UNL) for 52 years.  He began his employment at UNL as an assistant extension editor in the Department of Information.  Since then, he has served in both faculty and administrative appointments.  Upon his retirement in 2006, Dr. Fleming became a professor emeritus with UNL’s Department of Agricultural Leadership, Education and Communications.

As Professor Emeritus, Dr. Fleming has continued to serve UNL students as the coordinator of the agricultural journalism program as well as the adviser for the Agricultural Communicators of Tomorrow (ACT) chapter.

According to one of his previous advisees, “Dr. Fleming had a genuine interest in making sure that each one of the students he advised succeeded.  He went above and beyond the role of adviser and took time out of his schedule to call and check in on our academic progress and to encourage us to continue to pursue our goals and dreams.  Dr. Fleming is very deserving of the NAYI Award of Merit.”

Others that nominated Dr. Fleming said, “Professor Fleming has focused on providing students a first-rate experience at the University of Nebraska –Lincoln and through his long career has touched countless lives.”

Fleming resides in Lincoln with his wife Connie.  They have two grown children.

NAYI is an annual five-day summer Institute where high school juniors and seniors gather in Lincoln to discuss agricultural policy, listen to motivational speakers, and learn more about careers in agriculture.  The Institute is under the direction of the Nebraska Department of Agriculture (NDA) and is planned by 21 college aged men and women chosen by NDA to serve on the Nebraska Agricultural Youth Council (NAYC).  This year’s NAYI had the largest number of delegates in the 43‑year history of the program. 



Keep Pigs Comfortable during High Heat and Humidity


As the temperature and humidity level rise outside, pork producers need to address animal comfort indoors. Iowa Pork Industry Center interim director Jay Harmon said it’s the combination of air movement and wetting that help pigs. Wetting pigs is imperative, because pigs don’t truly sweat like humans. Wetting is like giving them some artificial sweat.

“During high temperatures, pigs can’t lose much heat from their skin because their skin is nearly the same temperature as the air around them,” he said. “Evaporation becomes very important because it’s the evaporation that cools pigs, not the wetting, and using air movement helps accelerate the evaporation so cooling is more effective.”

Harmon, who also is a professor and livestock housing specialist in agricultural and biosystems engineering at Iowa State University, said that if cycle times on sprinklers are changed, they should shorten the time between sprinkling.

“It doesn’t take any longer to wet a pig in the heat versus at cooler temperatures, but the goal is to let pigs dry between cycles and then rewet,” he said. “This allows evaporation to take place.”

In addition, maintaining summer ventilation levels in buildings is very important. Harmon reminds producers to check fan belts and maintain fans on a regular basis.

Two online sources of information offer more information on swine housing environment and heat stress indices: The Environment in Swine Housing by Steve Hoff of Iowa State and Livestock Industry Facilities and Environment: Heat Stress Indices for Livestock by Harmon and Hongwei Xin, also of Iowa State.



Schmacon Debuts at the Cattlemen’s Beef Quarters


Move over bacon, there's a new crispy, smoky meat at the Iowa State Fair and it’s called Schmacon. Bold and beefy, Schmacon is a fresh take on bacon. The smoked and cured glazed beef slices are made from whole muscle beef and a proprietary spice blend and cure recipe to create a unique sweet and smoky flavor.

The Cattlemen’s Beef Quarters has added Schmacon™ to its all-you-can-eat pancake breakfast plate for the 2014 Iowa State Fair.

“We are always looking for new and unique beef items,” says John Mortimer, manager of the Cattlemen’s Beef Quarters. “The combination of beef’s popularity and the flavor and texture that’s so well loved in bacon makes Schmacon™ the perfect fit for our breakfast menu.”

Created by Schmaltz Products, LLC, an Illinois company, Schmacon is a new beef alternative to bacon that touts being lower in calories, fat and sodium than most pork bacons. It is currently available for restaurants to purchase. The company plans to have it in grocery stores by the end of 2014. Fareway Stores have indicated they will sell the new beef product when it becomes available.

Breakfast is served daily at the Cattlemen’s Beef Quarters from 7am until 10am. Patrons will have two choices for breakfast – all-you-can-eat pancakes, scrambled eggs and Schmacon™ or biscuits and gravy served over country-fried steak. The lunch and dinner menu is available from 10 a.m. until 9 p.m. 

The Cattlemen’s Beef Quarters boasts an exclusively all-beef menu including Prime Rib dinners, roast beef sandwiches, ribeye steak sandwiches, taco salads, third-pound hamburgers and is the home of the original Hot Beef Sundae.



Fairgoers will get the big scoop on farming at Iowa Food & Family Project exhibit


A must-see sculpture created from nearly 50 tons of sand will provide the ideal backdrop to a one-of-a-kind celebration of farming hosted by the Iowa Food & Family Project (IFFP) during the Iowa State Fair, Aug. 7-17 in Des Moines.

The exhibit, “What farmers grow makes Iowa go,” will be located in the south atrium of the Varied Industries Building. It will feature the work of Greg and Brandi Glenn, 26-year veterans of sand sculpting and co-owners of Sandscapes®.

The work of art will measure 20-by-24 feet and stand more than 12 feet tall. It will showcase how food is grown and where it’s enjoyed. Included in the sculpture will be farms and farm fields, grocery stores, restaurants and the all-important kitchen table.

“Iowa Girl Eats” Kristin Porter, host of the IFFP’s “Join My Journey,” will make appearances throughout the fair at the exhibit. She’ll greet and meet fairgoers and autograph the popular “Let’s Cook” cookbook published this summer by the IFFP. “The fair is one of my favorite Iowa summer traditions and I’m looking forward to seeing everyone as they stop by the exhibit,” said Porter.

“From the ground up, farmers are dedicated to healthy families, communities and the environment,” said Chris Freland, Industry Relations Manager, Midwest Dairy Association. “The exhibit and related activities will reaffirm the dedication of farmers to growing safe, wholesome food, generating jobs and income that build strong communities and safeguarding air, soil and water quality.

Fairgoers can visit with farmers about food production and participate in numerous activities. Children will be invited to participate in a coloring and illustration contest and receive a complimentary ice cream cone voucher redeemable at McDonald’s. People of all ages can test their food and farming IQ for the chance to win unique prizes.

Also, the Iowa FFP will join the Iowa State Fair and U.S. Department of Agriculture in sending fairgoers on a scavenger hunt throughout the fairgrounds to learn more about agriculture. “AgVenture” trail maps will be available at information stands located throughout the fair. Once completed, they can be redeemed for a special gift at the IFFP booth.

“What farmers grow makes Iowa go” is powered by the Iowa Soybean Association, Iowa Pork Producers Association, Farm Credit Services of America, Midwest Dairy, Machine Shed Restaurant, Latham Hi-Tech Seeds, Iowa Corn, McDonald’s, Iowa Food Bank Association, Iowa Grocery Industry Association and United Soybean Board.



Thirteen Candidates to Compete for 61st Iowa State Dairy Princess


Thirteen young women involved with the Iowa dairy community will compete to win the title of 61st Iowa State Dairy Princess. The contest will begin on August 5 in Ankeny, with the coronation on Wednesday, Aug. 6, at 8 p.m. at the Multi-Media Center of the Cattle Barn at the state fairgrounds in Des Moines. The princess and her alternate are charged with helping consumers learn more about dairy products and the farm families who tend the farms and cows that provide them.

The contestants are:
    Kathryn Appler, 19, daughter of Kent and Laura Appler of Clermont, representing the Iowa Brown Swiss Association;
    Shelby Bodley, 19, daughter of Jamie and Elaine Bodley of Waukon, representing Allamakee County;
    Mindy Burkle, 17, daughter of Dennis and Sherry Burkle of Earlville, representing Delaware County;
    Clare Cook, 19, daughter of Troy and LeeAnn Cook and Ann Denlinger of Bellevue, representing Clinton and Jackson Counties;
    Rachel Demmer, 19, daughter of Rick and Kathy Demmer of Peosta, representing the Iowa Holstein Association;
    Mary Ann Fober, 18, daughter of Brad and Marie Fober of Sumner, representing Chickasaw County;
    Amanda Hoefler, 18, daughter of Brian and Eileen Hoefler of New Vienna, representing Dubuque County;
    Catheryn Lang, 19, daughter of James and Theresa Lang of McGregor, representing the Iowa Milking Shorthorn Society;
    Dayle Lantzky, 18, daughter of Brian and Heidi Lantzky of Hawkeye, representing Fayette County;
    Mikayla Lien, 19, daughter of Gary and Patty Lien of Calmar, representing Winneshiek County;
    Kayla Lueder, 19, daughter or Kevin and Sue Lueder of West Union, representing the Iowa Guernsey Breeders Association;
    Rylie Pflughaupt, 21, daughter of Jordan and Traci Pflughaupt of Vinton, representing the Iowa Jersey Cattle Club; and
    Hailey Schmitz, 16, daughter of Paula and Thomas Geise and Bernard Schmitz of Plainfield, representing Bremer County.

The winners are chosen on the basis of their knowledge and enthusiasm about dairy, personality and communication ability. Both the Princess and Alternate will receive scholarships from Midwest Dairy Association, which sponsors the contest and princess program on behalf of Iowa’s dairy farmers.

The outgoing Iowa Dairy Princess is Mariah Schmitt, daughter of Carl and Terry Schmitt of Fort Atkinson, and the Alternate Princess is Celina Young, daughter of Jill Grabau and Greg Young of Waverly. Their reigns will be completed at the end of the Iowa State Fair, and the new Princess and Alternate will begin their duties on September 1.



Resilient Ag Conference Now Open to Crop Advisers and Farmers


Upper Midwest crop advisers can earn continuing education credits for CCA certification through in-person and online attendance at the Resilient Agriculture Conference, Aug. 5-7, in Ames, Iowa. Farmers and crop advisers throughout the upper Midwest are encouraged to attend in person or online, as most conference sessions will be live-streamed, with the exception of the field activities.

The conference is co-sponsored by the USDA’s Sustainable Corn Project, which is working to identify ways to build greater resiliency into corn-based cropping systems, in response to the effects of climate change in the Corn Belt, such as a longer growing season and extreme rain events. Scientists with the Sustainable Corn Project have been collecting and analyzing data from 35 field sites in eight states, studying the results of various practices such as drainage water management, cover crops, and much more.

At the conference, the scientists will share their findings and a panel of farmers from four different states in the Midwest will talk about what they have done on their farms to build resiliency into their operations.

“With weather variability like we have had these past two years, it’s difficult to know when it’s time to plant corn. This and other changes we’re experiencing in climate patterns make it necessary to adopt management practices that provide the best results in all years,” said Garry Niemeyer, a farmer in Illinois and past president of the National Corn Growers Association. “A farmer concerned with risk management for his operation should consider attending the Resilient Agriculture conference, where all of these issues and many more will be addressed.”

During the conference, farmers also will participate in hands-on activities in the field to increase their understanding of the practices being researched and to learn how to use new decision support tools.

Registration, other conference details and information about the Sustainable Corn Project can be found at www.sustainablecorn.org. Registration is open through July 28.



RFA to DOE: Update Your E85 Data!


Friday, the Renewable Fuels Association (RFA) pointed to the vast under-representation of E85 stations in the Department of Energy’s (DOE) Alternative Fuels Data Center (AFDC) database and implored DOE to accurately account for all stations selling E85. RFA uncovered nearly 1,000 missing stations as it compared the 2,391 stations found in the database on Tuesday to the 3,349 retail locations found on the “crowd-sourced” website E85prices.com.

“The AFDC database is way off in its reporting of E85 stations, and this is negatively influencing discussions over the 2014 Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS) blending requirements. It isn’t just a handful of stations that are missing; we are talking about the exclusion of hundreds of stations nationwide. In fact, they missed 40 percent of the stations that are included in other databases! That’s simply unacceptable,” said Bob Dinneen, president and CEO of the RFA.

In a letter sent to the DOE’s Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy, the RFA illustrates the central role of the database in crucial policy decisions, stating, “EPA’s mistaken belief that existing E85 refueling infrastructure is insufficient to distribute the 2014 RFS volumes specified in the statute is based in large part on information from the AFDC. As a result, the Agency wrongly proposed to reduce required renewable fuel blending volumes in 2014.”

Dinneen stressed the urgent need for updated, accurate information as the EPA decides the final 2014 RFS blending requirements. He noted, “Accurate data is the foundation of well informed decisions. The so-called ‘blend wall’ — the level at which oil companies claim they can no longer blend ethanol into gasoline — can be scaled through increased use of E85. Therefore, an accurate accounting of E85 stations distributing low-cost, renewable fuels is vital to informing the debate over RFS implementation.”

The letter concludes, “The correctness and completeness of the database has never been more important, as crucial policy and regulatory decisions are being informed by the information. Inadequate data leads to ill-informed policy decisions, which can have significant consequences for affected industries.



Insecticides Similar to Nicotine Widespread in Midwest

U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey


Insecticides similar to nicotine, known as neonicotinoids, were found commonly in streams throughout the Midwest, according to a new USGS study. This is the first broad-scale investigation of neonicotinoid insecticides in the Midwestern United States and one of the first conducted within the United States.

Effective in killing a broad range of insect pests, use of neonicotinoid insecticides has dramatically increased over the last decade across the United States, particularly in the Midwest.  The use of clothianidin, one of the chemicals studied, on corn in Iowa alone has almost doubled between 2011 and 2013.

 “Neonicotinoid insecticides are receiving increased attention by scientists as we explore the possible links between pesticides, nutrition, infectious disease, and other stress factors in the environment possibly associated with honeybee dieoffs.” said USGS scientist Kathryn Kuivila, the research team leader.

Neonicotinoid insecticides dissolve easily in water, but do not break down quickly in the environment. This means they are likely to be transported away in runoff from the fields where they were first applied to nearby surface water and groundwater bodies.

In all, nine rivers and streams, including the Mississippi and Missouri Rivers, were included in the study. The rivers studied drain most of Iowa, and parts of Minnesota, Montana, Nebraska, North Dakota, South Dakota, and Wisconsin. These states have the highest use of neonicotinoid insecticides in the Nation, and the chemicals were found in all nine rivers and streams.

Of the three most often found chemicals, clothianidin was the most commonly detected, showing up in 75 percent of the sites and at the highest concentration. Thiamethoxam was found at 47 percent of the sites, and imidacloprid was found at 23 percent. Two, acetamiprid and dinotefuran, were only found once, and the sixth, thiacloprid, was never detected.

Instead of being sprayed on growing or full-grown crops, neonicotinoids can be applied to the seed before planting. The use of treated seeds in the United States has increased to the point where most corn and soybeans planted in the United States have a seed treatment (i.e., coating), many of which include neonicotinoid insecticides.

“We noticed higher levels of these insecticides after rain storms during crop planting, which is similar to the spring flushing of herbicides that has been documented in Midwestern U.S. rivers and streams,” said USGS scientist Michelle Hladik, the report’s lead author. “In fact, the insecticides also were detected prior to their first use during the growing season, which indicates that they can persist from applications in prior years.”

One of the chemicals, imidacloprid, is known to be toxic to aquatic organisms at 10-100 nanograms per liter if the aquatic organisms are exposed to it for an extended period of time. Clothianidin and thiamethoxam behave similarly to imidacloprid, and are therefore anticipated to have similar effect levels. Maximum concentrations of clothianidin, thiamethoxam and imidacloprid measured in this study were 257, 185, and 42.7 nanograms per liter, respectively.

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency has classified all detected neonicotinoids as not likely to be carcinogenic to humans.

The paper, “Widespread occurrence of neonicotinoid insecticides in streams in a high corn and soybean producing region, USA” and has been published in Environmental Pollution.



Rabobank Pork Quarterly Report: “Where to source pork?” is the question 


The global pork market is moving into record territory in Q3. Especially in the exporting countries impacted by the porcine epidemic diarrhoea virus (PEDv), hog and pork prices will continue to break records in the remainder of Q3 and into Q4. In the non-impacted countries, this, plus the high prices for beef and poultry, will support bullish hog and pork prices. However, in the European Union (EU) and China, markets will improve seasonally but will not reach the highs experienced in other countries.
“In the US, Mexico, Japan and South Korea, the countries that have been affected by PEDv, the key question will be ’Where to source pork?’” said Rabobank analyst, Albert Vernooij. “In these countries the supply drops, as well as declining feed costs, are expected to push farmer’s profitability into record territories. In contrast, processors’ margins will be pressured due to the strong competition for hogs.”

While the US is mitigating the effects of PEDv on supply and prices with rising hog weights (recently up nearly 5% on last year), the growing scarcity of pork globally is pushing import prices up, impacting Mexico, South Korea and Japan in particular. In Mexico, pork meat prices have increased around 25% year on year and have the potential to increase another 5%. Also feeling a significant impact is Japan, where imports are relatively expensive compared to other importing countries due to the low value of the yen. With beef supply also under pressure, Japanese processors will find it challenging to source sufficient meat supplies.

For China, the prospects are turning positive with hog prices forecast to recover after a very difficult 1H 2014. Chinese pork prices are expected to stay at the current low level in most of Q3 2014, but will likely show a strong rebound from the end of Q3 onwards driven by the seasonal uplift in demand and lower supply after the sow culling of the last months. This will be supported by the limited global supply, which will increase competition for imports and support higher prices.  The key challenge for hog farmers to recover part of their losses is to limit herd expansion. Many smaller farmers will face shakeouts in 2014, which will advance market consolidation.

Being the only region with enough pork available at reasonable prices, prospects for EU exports to Asia and the US remain positive.  However, this will not be sufficient to totally compensate the lower export to central and eastern European countries. The Russian import ban remains a deciding factor for price levels. In addition the importance of exports to central and eastern European countries for the total carcass valuation, in combination with the high value of the Euro will limit the seasonal increase of EU pork prices. However, if pork trade between EU and Russia partially or totally reopens, it would give a positive boost to EU pork prices.

“With PEDv continuing to impact supply into 2015, prospects for the global pork industry remain positive,” concluded Vernooij. “The main wildcard is keeping supply discipline, as many farmers will be tempted to expand production driven by the low feed costs and high profitability.”



Brazil Could See Record Harvest


Brazilian farmers could produce a record soy harvest in the 2014-2015 growing season as they plant more fields with the crop, consultancy Safras & Mercado said Friday.

The area planted with soy should grow 4% from the 2014-2014 season to 31.2 million hectares (77.1 million acres). With that increase and with good weather, the soy crop for the season should increase by 9% to 94.5 million metric tons of the beans, Safras said. That would be the fifth-consecutive production record for Brazilian soy farmers.

Brazil has been the world's second-biggest soy producer in recent years, after the U.S.

More farmers are choosing to plant soy instead of corn because the price for soy is better, said Safras analyst Luiz Fernando Roque.

The area planted with corn for the summer crop will decline 6.1% to 5.1 million hectares, but greater productivity per hectare should boost the size of that harvest by 8% to 28.8 million tons, Safras said.

Because of Brazil's year-round warm weather, farmers in the country can plant two crops of corn. Safras didn't give a forecast for the size of the second corn harvest for the 2014-2015 season.



Cold Winter Drives Syngenta Profits Lower

Syngenta blamed cold weather in North America for a 1% drop in profit during the first half of the year. The Swiss company, which is the world's largest manufacturer of agricultural chemicals, said unseasonably cold weather delivered two blows to revenue by both delaying planting and reducing the need for herbicides.

Growth in other markets around the globe were in keeping with the company's target of 6% for the full year.

The company says revenue in North America fell 6% as cold weather pushed back the start of the growing season. For the six months ended June 30, Syngenta said net income fell to $1.39 billion from $1.41 billion a year earlier.

Syngenta reported second-quarter sales of $3.83 billion, almost unchanged from $3.820 billion a year earlier. First-half sales rose 1.4% to $8.51 billion.

Reported sales in Europe, Africa and the Middle East grew 1%, while revenue in Latin America climbed 11%. Sales in the Asian-Pacific region rose 1%.



Farm Aid Heads to North Carolina Sept. 13

Farm Aid announced today that its annual benefit festival will take place on Sept. 13 at Walnut Creek Amphitheatre in Raleigh, N.C., with tickets on sale to the public on Aug. 1.

"In North Carolina and across the Southeast, family farmers have struggled to stay on the land, but they have also pioneered new roads to economic sustainability. This region knows the value of its farmers and offers increasing opportunities for new farmers to build a strong regional food system," said Farm Aid President Willie Nelson. "On the Farm Aid stage Sept. 13, we'll celebrate family farmers and the healthy communities they're growing for all of us."

Farm Aid 2014 will feature Farm Aid board members Willie Nelson, John Mellencamp, Neil Young and Dave Matthews -- with Tim Reynolds -- as well as Jack White, Preservation Hall Jazz Band, Jamey Johnson, North Carolina's own Delta Rae, Lukas Nelson & Promise of the Real, Carlene Carter, Pegi Young & The Survivors, and Insects vs Robots.

Farm Aid 2014, an all-day music and food festival, will feature a unique lineup of artists and genres and will offer concert-goers family farm-identified, local and organic foods with its own HOMEGROWN Concessions. In Farm Aid's HOMEGROWN Village, attendees will have the chance to meet farmers, engage in hands-on food and farm activities, and learn about the ways family farmers are enriching our soil, protecting our water and growing our economy, in addition to bringing us good food for good health.

"There is a fair-like feeling when you go to Farm Aid. All day long, people are performing onstage and food from family farmers is being served," said Farm Aid board member John Mellencamp. "It's a great occasion for families to come listen to great music and teach their children about where their food comes from. We're proud to bring Farm Aid 2014 to North Carolina for the first time to feature the family farmers whose hard work and innovations are essential for all of us."

Farm Aid has long collaborated with and supported organizations and organizers in the Southeast who are keeping family farmers on the land and growing the Good Food Movement. Many of the region's farmers have been served by Farm Aid's Resource Network and hotline. Over the past 29 years, Farm Aid has made grants of more than $3.6 million in the Southeast region -- more than half a million in North Carolina alone -- supporting programs that help farmers thrive, grow new markets for farmers and create much-needed change in the food system so that everyone benefits.

Tickets for Farm Aid 2014 will go on sale Aug. 1, at 10 a.m. EDT. Tickets will be available at www.livenation.com, the Walnut Creek Amphitheatre box office, all Ticketmaster outlets or by phone at 800-745-3000. A limited number of pre-sale tickets will be sold beginning at 12 p.m. EDT on July 25 at www.farmaid.org.



Monday, July 21, 2014

July 21 Crop Progress & Condition Reports - NE - IA - US

NEBRASKA CROP PROGRESS - WHEAT HARVEST OVER HALF DONE

For  the  week  ending  July  20,  2014,  the  State  saw  unseasonably  cool temperatures and only isolated rainfall according to USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service.  With the dry conditions, wheat harvest was over one half complete. Also, producers in many areas started irrigating their row  crops  last week. The  number  of  days  suitable  for  fieldwork were  6.4. Topsoil moisture  supplies  rated  4 percent  very  short,  28  short,  66  adequate,  and  2  surplus.  Subsoil  moisture  supplies  rated  8 percent very short, 26 short, 65 adequate, and 1 surplus.
 
Field  Crops  Report:

Corn  conditions  rated  2  percent  very  poor,  5  poor,  17  fair,  52  good,  and  24  excellent.  Corn  silking  was  62 percent, ahead of 45 last year, but near 60 average. Corn dough was 8 percent, ahead of 0 last year but near  6 average

Soybean conditions rated 2 percent very poor, 5 poor, 20 fair, 54 good, and 19 excellent. Soybeans blooming was  73  percent,  ahead  of  61  last  year  and  62  average.  Soybean  setting  pods was  32  percent, well  ahead  of  11 last year and 14 average.

Winter  wheat  conditions  rated  6  percent  very  poor,  14  poor,  28  fair,  44  good,  and  8 excellent. Winter wheat mature was 84 percent, ahead of 80  last year but behind a  five year average of 87. Winter wheat harvested was 54 percent, ahead of 49 last year but behind 61 average.

Sorghum conditions rated 1 percent very poor, 2 poor, 35 fair, 42 good, and 20 excellent. Sorghum headed was 23 percent, well ahead of 4  last year and 7 average. Sorghum coloring was 4 percent, ahead of 0 for both  last year and average.

Oat  conditions  rated  3  percent  very  poor,  18  poor,  26  fair,  50  good,  and  3  excellent.  Oats  coloring  was  91 percent. Oats mature was 70 percent. Oats harvested was 31 percent, behind 60 last year and 56 average. 

Alfalfa hay conditions rated 2 percent very poor, 6 poor, 32 fair, 53 good, and 9 excellent. Alfalfa hay second cutting was  71 percent  complete, near 69  last  year  and 74  average. Alfalfa hay  third  cutting was 16 percent complete, ahead of 1 last year and 9 average.
 
Livestock,  Pasture  and  Range  Report: 

Pasture  and  range  conditions  rated  5  percent  very  poor,  11  poor,  30 fair, 46 good, and 8 excellent. Stock water supplies rated 1 percent very short, 7 short, 91 adequate, and 1 surplus. 



Access the National publication for Crop Progress and Condition tables at:  http://usda.mannlib.cornell.edu/usda/nass/CropProg//2010s/2014/CropProg-07-21-2014.txt.

Access  the  High  Plains  Region  Climate  Center  for  Temperature  and  Precipitation  Maps  at: http://www.hprcc.unl.edu/maps/current/index.php?action=update_region&state=NE&region=HPRCC

Access the U.S. Drought Monitor at: http://droughtmonitor.unl.edu/Home/StateDroughtMonitor.aspx?NE



USDA Weekly Crop Progress - Corn, Soybean Ratings Basically Unchanged


More than half the nation's corn has silked and one-fifth of the soybeans have set pods, according to USDA's latest weekly Crop Progress report.  As of July 20, 56% of the corn was silking, compared to 34% last week and a 55% five-year average. Corn condition was equal to last week with 76% of the crop rated good to excellent.

Nineteen percent of the soybeans were setting pods and 60% were blooming, compared to 41% blooming last week. Pod setting was not included on the national report last week. Soybean condition worsened just slightly, with one percentage point moving from the good category last week into the poor category this week.

Winter wheat harvest is three-quarters of the way complete, compared to 69% last week and a 75% five-year average. Spring wheat is 84% headed, compared to 69% last week and an 85% five-year average. Spring wheat conditions worsened slightly with one percentage point moving from the fair category into the very poor category.



Corn Silking - Selected States

[These 18 States planted 91% of the 2013 corn acreage]
-----------------------------------------------------------------
                 :            Week ending            :          
                 :-----------------------------------:          
      State      : July 20,  : July 13,  : July 20,  : 2009-2013
                 :   2013    :   2014    :   2014    :  Average 
-----------------------------------------------------------------
                 :                    percent                   
Colorado ........:    26           8          25          27    
Illinois ........:    58          62          82          70    
Indiana .........:    56          42          69          61    
Iowa ............:    16          26          59          50    
Kansas ..........:    53          56          75          69    
Kentucky ........:    48          65          75          65    
Michigan ........:    38           9          32          41    
Minnesota .......:    16           5          23          43    
Missouri ........:    55          79          91          74    
Nebraska ........:    45          33          62          60    
North Carolina ..:    95          88          94          98    
North Dakota ....:    13           5          10          28    
Ohio ............:    57          14          51          54    
Pennsylvania ....:    50          12          37          52    
South Dakota ....:    28           9          30          25    
Tennessee .......:    84          78          90          91    
Texas ...........:    82          81          91          85    
Wisconsin .......:    16           5          22          31    
18 States .......:    39          34          56          55    
-----------------------------------------------------------------


Corn Condition - Selected States: Week Ending July 20, 2014

[National crop conditions for selected States are weighted based on 2013
planted acreage]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
      State     : Very poor :   Poor    :   Fair    :   Good    : Excellent
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :                          percent                         
Colorado .......:     2           5          25          51          17    
Illinois .......:     1           3          15          52          29    
Indiana ........:     1           4          19          53          23    
Iowa ...........:     2           5          16          52          25    
Kansas .........:     2           5          29          49          15    
Kentucky .......:     2           5          18          54          21    
Michigan .......:     1           4          14          59          22    
Minnesota ......:     2           6          28          50          14    
Missouri .......:     -           1          13          53          33    
Nebraska .......:     2           5          17          52          24    
North Carolina .:     3          11          27          47          12    
North Dakota ...:     1           4          16          59          20    
Ohio ...........:     1           4          20          52          23    
Pennsylvania ...:     1           3          15          47          34    
South Dakota ...:     2           3          17          65          13    
Tennessee ......:     1           3          18          54          24    
Texas ..........:     -           5          33          47          15    
Wisconsin ......:     1           6          17          51          25    
18 States ......:     1           4          19          54          22    
Previous week ..:     1           4          19          54          22    
Previous year ..:     3           8          26          46          17    
----------------------------------------------------------------------------


Soybeans Blooming - Selected States

[These 18 States planted 95% of the 2013 soybean acreage]
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :               Week ending               :            
                :-----------------------------------------:            
      State     :  July 20,   :  July 13,   :  July 20,   :  2009-2013 
                :    2013     :    2014     :    2014     :   Average  
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :                        percent                       
Arkansas .......:     50            57            67            63     
Illinois .......:     47            50            69            55     
Indiana ........:     52            55            70            54     
Iowa ...........:     33            45            67            64     
Kansas .........:     33            28            44            45     
Kentucky .......:     23            31            41            45     
Louisiana ......:     81            85            90            87     
Michigan .......:     54            32            59            51     
Minnesota ......:     36            27            47            55     
Mississippi ....:     75            65            72            89     
Missouri .......:     21            30            48            37     
Nebraska .......:     61            55            73            62     
North Carolina .:     14            33            46            27     
North Dakota ...:     49            25            55            58     
Ohio ...........:     55            22            51            55     
South Dakota ...:     53            56            70            59     
Tennessee ......:     25            30            47            53     
Wisconsin ......:     28            24            46            41     
18 States ......:     43            41            60            56     
------------------------------------------------------------------------


Soybeans Setting Pods - Selected States

[These 18 States planted 95% of the 2013 soybean acreage]
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :               Week ending               :            
                :-----------------------------------------:            
      State     :  July 20,   :  July 13,   :  July 20,   :  2009-2013 
                :    2013     :    2014     :    2014     :   Average  
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :                        percent                       
Arkansas .......:     19             31           43            36     
Illinois .......:     10           (NA)           24            16     
Indiana ........:     10             18           32            14     
Iowa ...........:      2              6           19            18     
Kansas .........:      4              3           10             5     
Kentucky .......:      4              6           18            13     
Louisiana ......:     63             57           70            70     
Michigan .......:     13           (NA)           15            11     
Minnesota ......:      2           (NA)            7            12     
Mississippi ....:     26             30           41            65     
Missouri .......:      2           (NA)            7             7     
Nebraska .......:     11           (NA)           32            14     
North Carolina .:      5             13           23             7     
North Dakota ...:      3           (NA)            7            17     
Ohio ...........:      6           (NA)            8            11     
South Dakota ...:      4              8           15            11     
Tennessee ......:      8           (NA)           16            25     
Wisconsin ......:      -              1           10             6     
18 States ......:      7           (NA)           19            17     
------------------------------------------------------------------------


Soybean Condition - Selected States: Week Ending July 20, 2014

[National crop conditions for selected States are weighted based on 2013
planted acreage]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
      State     : Very poor :   Poor    :   Fair    :   Good    : Excellent
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :                          percent                         
Arkansas .......:     4          11          25          42          18    
Illinois .......:     1           3          19          56          21    
Indiana ........:     1           4          23          56          16    
Iowa ...........:     1           5          20          54          20    
Kansas .........:     -           2          31          57          10    
Kentucky .......:     1           4          18          60          17    
Louisiana ......:     2           4          15          51          28    
Michigan .......:     2           7          22          54          15    
Minnesota ......:     2           6          28          54          10    
Mississippi ....:     -           5          23          52          20    
Missouri .......:     -           3          19          60          18    
Nebraska .......:     2           5          20          54          19    
North Carolina .:     1           5          25          58          11    
North Dakota ...:     -           2          20          62          16    
Ohio ...........:     2           5          24          58          11    
South Dakota ...:     1           4          23          62          10    
Tennessee ......:     1           3          17          63          16    
Wisconsin ......:     1           4          20          51          24    
18 States ......:     1           4          22          57          16    
Previous week ..:     1           5          22          56          16    
Previous year ..:     2           6          28          51          13    
----------------------------------------------------------------------------


Winter Wheat Harvested - Selected States

[These 18 States harvested 86% of the 2013 winter wheat acreage]
-----------------------------------------------------------------
                 :            Week ending            :          
                 :-----------------------------------:          
      State      : July 20,  : July 13,  : July 20,  : 2009-2013
                 :   2013    :   2014    :   2014    :  Average 
-----------------------------------------------------------------
                 :                    percent                   
Arkansas ........:    100         99          100         100   
California ......:     96         85           87          95   
Colorado ........:     71         46           68          71   
Idaho ...........:      2          4            7           2   
Illinois ........:     96         90           95          97   
Indiana .........:     92         76           92          97   
Kansas ..........:    100         90           95         100   
Michigan ........:     55          3           19          61   
Missouri ........:    100         95          100         100   
Montana .........:      1          -            5           2   
Nebraska ........:     49         31           54          61   
North Carolina ..:     89         97          100          98   
Ohio ............:     84         61           89          95   
Oklahoma ........:    100         97           98          99   
Oregon ..........:     16          6           22          14   
South Dakota ....:      3          -            4          32   
Texas ...........:    100         99          100          99   
Washington ......:      8          3           15           5   
18 States .......:     74         69           75          75   
-----------------------------------------------------------------


Monday July 21 Ag News

It Is Time to Begin Scouting for Soybean Aphid
Tom Hunt, Extension Entomology Specialist


Soybean aphid colonization has been slow to start this year, however, we are beginning to get reports of soybean aphids in southwest Minnesota and a few other states.  While we have had only one report of soybean aphids in Nebraska, and it was at a very low number, this is when we generally start finding them.

Start scouting now, as populations can start late and build fast. In 2011 we monitored a soybean field in Dixon County that was almost devoid of aphids on July 22, but by August 18 was over 2000 aphids per plant in areas of the field that were left untreated.

Soybean Aphid Description

The soybean aphid is soft-bodied, light green to pale yellow, less than 1/16th inch long, and has two black-tipped cornicles (cornicles look like tailpipes) on the rear of the abdomen.  It has piercing-sucking mouthparts and typically feeds on new tissue on the undersides of leaves near the top of recently colonized soybean plants.  Later in the season aphids can be found on all parts of the plant, feeding primarily on the undersides of leaves, but also on stems and pods.

Soybean Aphid Occurrence in Nebraska

Soybean aphids have been reported in most soybean producing regions of Nebraska, although the highest and most economically damaging populations typically occur in northeast Nebraska.  It's usually mid-July before we begin to regularly find aphids, while soybeans are entering or in R3 (beginning pod stage). Nebraska aphid populations can reach economically damaging populations in late July, but most reach economically damaging populations in August, while soybeans are in the mid-reproductive stages (R4-R5).  In some years there are many fields where the aphid populations peak in late R5 (beginning seed) to early R6 (full seed). Of course, there are exceptions to any rule, so you should be watching for soybean aphid colonization and population increases.



Cool Conditions May Lead to White Mold in Soybeans

Loren Giesler, UNL Extension Plant Pathologist

Most of Nebraska's soybean crop is flowering, ranging from the early to late stages of bloom. With this week's cool temperatures, conditions are right for white mold (Sclerotinia Stem Rot) to start the infection cycle. Those growers with fields with a history of this disease should be aware that it may be more severe this year with the current weather trend. General information on Sclerotinia Stem Rot of soybean can be found in a regional Extension publication or in the Plant Disease section of CropWatch at Schlerotinia Stem Rot.

We do not typically see Sclerotina Stem Rot in Nebraska as temperatures during flowering are usually warmer than this year. Therefore, we do not have any consistent fungicide trial data to evaluate products. I recommend you look at the University of Wisconsin Fungicide Test Summary to compare treatments.

Application during bloom is critical if you're targeting Sclerotinia Stem Rot. If you're not targeting a specific soybean disease, applications are typically at the R3 stage for the added yield boost and crop health response.

Management for Sclerotinia Stem Rot is difficult, but fungicide sprays at flowering are the most effective timing if fungicides are used.  If you're considering a fungicide application to manage this disease, now is the time. Once flowers are infected, the disease will spread slowly, so stopping the initial infection is critical.



ERGOT IN PASTURES

Bruce Anderson, UNL Extension Forage Specialist

               Ergot has been found in a few Nebraska pastures this summer.  This fungus can be toxic to cattle, horses, and other livestock so check your pastures and hay fields to see if your animals may be at risk.

               Ergot is a fungus that grows on the seed head of grasses.  Cereals like rye and wheat have been affected most often historically, but forage grasses like brome and fescue and wheatgrasses also are susceptible.  Weather like we have experienced this year – a cool, wet spring followed by hot, humid summer conditions – is ideal for ergot to develop.

               Ergot has killed several cattle in Missouri this summer.  It produces alkaloids that cause vasoconstriction of small arteries, thus restricting blood flow to extremities like the tips of tails and ears as well as to feet and legs.  Lameness, swelling of the fetlock and hock joints, and even loss of hooves can occur.  Animals also are less able to dissipate heat so they spend more time than usual standing in shade or water.

               Ergot bodies look a lot like mouse droppings in grass seedheads.  They are blackish or dark brown or purple and shaped like a cylinder. Examine your pastures and hay fields for these ergot bodies.  An occasional one here and there shouldn’t be a problem but if they show up in most of your seedheads, remove any grazing animals.

               Ergot remains fairly stable in hay so if it is present, either destroy the hay or dilute it severely with other feed.  Fields can be shredded to remove seedstalks but don’t resume grazing until enough regrowth develops to restrict animals from eating the old, shredded clippings.

               Ergot toxicity is rare in our pastures but be on the lookout so it doesn’t become a problem for your animals.

FORAGE OPTIONS WITH DAMAGED CORN

               What can you do with corn damaged severely by hail or drought or even wind?  Fortunately, there are several forage alternatives.

               The most common salvage operation for corn damaged by hail, wind, drought, or other calamities is to chop it for silage.  Don't be in a hurry, though.  Standing corn currently could be over 80 percent moisture.  The easiest way, and maybe the best way, to lower moisture content is simply wait until some stalks start to turn brown.  Waiting also allows surviving corn to continue to add tonnage.

               If waiting isn't desirable, reduce moisture by windowing the crop and allow it to wilt one-half to one full day before chopping.  You also could mix grain or chopped hay to freshly chopped corn to lower the moisture content.  It takes quite a bit of material for mixing though – about 7 bushels of grain or 350 pounds of hay to lower each ton of silage down to 70 percent moisture from an original 80 percent moisture.  That's 7 bushels grain or 350 pounds of hay for each ton of silage.

               Or, you can allow that windrowed corn to dry completely and bale it as hay.  Be sure to test it for nitrates before feeding.

               Grazing might be the easiest way to use damaged corn, and this is a good way to extend your grazing season.  You might even plant some sorghum-sudangrass or oats and turnips between rows to grow more forage for grazing if you can wait until late fall before grazing.  Be sure to introduce livestock slowly to this new forage by feeding them before turning in to reduce the chances of digestive problems.  Also, strip graze the field to reduce trampling losses and get more grazing from the corn.

               We can’t change what Mother Nature has dished out.  All we can do is make the best of a bad situation.



New Channel Seedsman Comes to Pierce County


Putting Seedsmanship at Work® into practice, Channel has hired Larry Carstens as a Channel Seedsman in the Pierce County area.

Carstens’ role will be to work proactively with local farmers to deliver expert advice, customized service and elite seed products to help improve productivity and profitability. Channel Seedsmen focus on getting to know their customers and their farms inside and out, and using that knowledge to provide in-depth, hands-on service and support every step of the way.

“We are excited to have Carstens join the Channel team,” said Channel District Sales Manager Tony Kurtenbach. “His knowledge and expertise will be a great fit for farmers looking for the service and support a Channel Seedsman can provide.”

One of Carstens’ primary responsibilities will be implementing the Channel® Field Check Up Series with local farmers. This series allows Channel Seedsmen to work with the farmer throughout the season to observe and monitor crop development.

Walking farmers’ fields allows Channel Seedsmen to diagnose issues and design custom recommendations to increase the farm’s profitability. Year-round farm visits include personal consultations through the four major growth stages: seedling, reproductive, vegetative and maturity. For more information about Channel and the Channel Seedsmanship approach, visit www.channel.com.



Valmont Announces Second Quarter 2014 Results


Valmont Industries, Inc. a leading global provider of engineered products and services for infrastructure and mechanized irrigation equipment for agriculture, reported second quarter sales of $842.6 million compared with $878.7 million for the same period of 2013. Second quarter 2014 operating income was $104.8 million versus $144.3 million in 2013. Second quarter net income was $64.0 million versus $89.6 million in 2013, or $2.38 in diluted earnings per share compared to $3.33 in 2013. Last year's second quarter included a $4.6 million, (or 16 cents per diluted share) pre-tax gain from the disposal of a galvanizing facility in Perth, Australia.

For the first six months of 2014, sales were $1,594.3 million versus $1,698.3 million in 2013. Valmont's first half net earnings were $120.0 million, or $4.46 per diluted share, compared with 2013 first half net earnings of $167.1 million, or $6.22 per diluted share.

"Positive sales comparisons in the Engineered Infrastructure Products Segment driven by acquisition growth were more than offset by lower sales in the remaining segments," said Mogens C. Bay, Valmont's chairman and chief executive officer. "In the Irrigation Segment, sales declined in North America due to lower crop commodity prices, partly offset by increased international sales. The Coatings and Utility Support Structures Segments each posted modest sales declines. In "Other," the deconsolidation of Delta EMD late in 2013 and lower sales at our grinding media and tubing businesses led to unfavorable sales comparisons.

Sales of $213.0 million were 7% lower than 2013, due to a decline in North America. International sales rose modestly. Total volumes were comparable to last year.

Center pivot and linear move mechanized irrigation equipment and parts for agriculture in global markets.

Irrigation Segment sales fell 19% to $219.9 million, reflecting a substantial sales decline in North American markets. While last year's market remained influenced by the 2012 drought and high commodity prices, this year's outlook for a decline in North American net farm income weighed on irrigation equipment demand.

Sales increased in most international regions. Despite generally lower global crop prices, a number of international markets remain strong. On a regional basis, sales improved in Brazil, the Pacific region and the Middle East.

Operating income declined 35% to $41.4 million, but remained strong at 18.9% of segment sales. The decline was due to the lower sales levels and deleverage of both fixed factory costs and SG&A.



Farmers encouraged to watch cattle closely for heat stress


High temperatures, high humidity, solar radiation, and low-speed winds create the perfect environment for heat stress in cattle. Based on the forecast outlook for this afternoon and Tuesday, the Iowa Cattlemen’s Association is encouraging the state’s cattle producers to be prepared to make some changes that can make cattle more comfortable, especially in the southwest corner today, and the whole state on Tuesday.

“It’s best that producers plan ahead so they can take quick action if those four factors put parts of Iowa in a high risk zone,” says Matt Deppe, the CEO for the Iowa Cattlemen’s Association. “Compared to other animals, cattle rely on respiration more than sweating to cool down. Wind and cool nights can help, but when temperatures and humidity are high, producers must also consider other ways to keep their livestock comfortable,” he said.

ICA is encouraging cattle producers to take advice from Iowa State University’s Extension Beef Veterinarian, Dr. Grant Dewell, DVM. Dr. Dewell recommends these protective measures:
·    Clean fresh water – consumption of water can double during extreme heat. Cattle need at least 2 gal./100 lbs/day during heat events. Additionally, make sure there is adequate room for cattle to drink, and that supply lines can provide cool water fast enough.
·    Shift to feeding a higher percentage of feed in the afternoon and consider lowering the energy content by 5%.
·    Provide shade if possible. UV radiation is many times the critical factor for livestock losses due to heat stress.
·    Ensure that there are no restrictions to air movement around cattle, such as hay storage.
·    If necessary, begin sprinkling cattle with water if signs of heat stress are evident.

Deppe says producers who start using fans or providing water sprinklers on their cattle should be prepared to use that process until more moderate temperatures return.

Cattle producers can monitor the forecasted heat stress index and find tips for cooling cattle at  www.ars.usda.gov/Main/docs.htm?docid=21306



Iowa Soybean Association sponsors new events, long-time favorites at state fair


The Iowa State Fair is right around the corner and the Iowa Soybean Association (ISA) is doing its part to ensure that fairgoers have fun while learning about agriculture and the role soybean farmers play in helping feed and fuel Iowa, the nation and world.

The association, based in Ankeny and committed to improving the competitiveness of Iowa’s 37,000 soybean farmers, is partnering with the fair and other organizations to bring some old favorites and a few new events to the list of must-see stops:

·         Free rides on fair trams — It’s easy and safe for fairgoers to get from one end of the grounds to the other thanks to the ISA sponsorship of not only the tram tractors and carts, but also the biodiesel that fuels this popular transportation.

·         Ag magic at your fingertips — Through Rhonda Renee’s Thank A Farmer show featuring storytelling, juggling and music, spectators young and old will learn that nearly everything they touch, consume and wear has a direct connection to agriculture and a farmer.  Thirty-minute shows will be performed each day in the Christensen Farms Animal Learning Center at 10 a.m., 12 p.m., 1 p.m., and 4 p.m.

·         Experience fun for all ages — Inside the Ag Building, participants can learn what Iowa farmers are doing to protect Iowa’s water supply as they meander through Farmville and meet Iowa’s farmers. Fairgoers won’t want to miss ‘Farm With Us’, the new, green screen photo booth where they can become a celebrity in a flash and get a free, printed portrait.

·         Learn more about conservation — Iowa soybean farmers are excelling in environmental protection and practices and will be recognized on the morning of August 13 at the Iowa Farm Environmental Leader Award ceremony to be held at the Penningroth Center.

·         Relax and play — Fun for children of all ages, Little Hands on Farm located just north of the Animal Learning Center is a place for children to learn how food is grown by participating in a variety of hands-on activities. They can also package soybeans to help feed Iowa’s pork and poultry industries.

·         Eat and enjoy —The Soyfoods Council will present two chances to experience soyfoods at the fair on August 11. The Annual Soy Salad Dressing Professional Chef Contest will be held from 10 a.m. to noon in the Ag building — stop by to test the chef’s creations! The second opportunity is a cooking demonstration and soyfoods contest judging at 1 p.m. and 2 p.m. in the Elwell Building.

·         Iowa Food & Family Project exhibit – Again this year, the ISA is partnering with the Iowa Food & Family Project to feed people’s curiosity about how food is grown and the dedicated farmers who grow it. The must-see exhibit will feature activities for children and adults and is open 9 a.m. – 9 p.m. daily in the south atrium of the Varied Industries Building. 



GLOBAL ROUNDTABLE FOR SUSTAINABLE BEEF TO HOST GLOBAL CONFERENCE IN SÃO PAULO, BRAZIL

The Global Roundtable for Sustainable Beef (GRSB), announced today that it will host the first Global Conference on Sustainable Beef at the World Trade Events Center in São Paulo, Brazil, Nov. 2-5, 2014. As part of the conference, GRSB will release its long-anticipated definition of global sustainable beef and highlight exciting new developments in beef sustainability.

“GRSB is a global, multi-stakeholder organization focused on improving the sustainability of the beef value chain. We view sustainability as a journey of continuous improvement where economic, societal and environmental factors are balanced to achieve sustainable outcomes” said Cameron Bruett, president of GRSB and head of corporate affairs for JBS USA, the North American subsidiary of JBS S.A., the world’s largest meat processing company, which is headquartered in Brazil. “It is imperative that the broad spectrum of stakeholders involved in the production, processing, distribution, sale and consumption of beef, as well as civil society and allied industries, work together to develop a deeper understanding of sustainability and what it means to their sector, their operations, our society and our planet.”

The conference’s theme, “Sustainable Beef: Building a Vision for Our Future,” sets the framework for the roll-out of GRSB’s principles and criteria, which define sustainable beef and identifies the means to measure progress in the global sustainable beef chain at the national or regional levels. With speakers from around the globe, the conference will also provide a forum for regional sustainability initiatives to showcase their efforts and successes.

“There is some amazing work being done in many regions of the world, particularly in Brazil, in the areas of resource efficiency, genetic improvement, cattle sourcing and capturing efficiencies that will be shared with participants during the conference,” said Eduardo Bastos, President of the Brazilian Roundtable for Sustainable Livestock (GTPS) and Head, Government Affairs, Dow Brazil. “GTPS, as the world’s first regional roundtable on sustainable livestock, and a member of GRSB, looks forward to showcasing the tremendous progress being made in Brazil and how GTPS is making sustainable beef in Brazil a reality.”

Initiated in early 2012, GRSB is the strategic platform where leading stakeholders from the beef industry, environmental organizations and others with an interest in global beef sustainability have agreed to partner in an effort to advance continuous improvement in the global beef value chain through knowledge-sharing, leadership and the adoption of science-based approaches.

GRSB’s initial efforts have focused on collaboration with a wide group of expert stakeholders to identify the principles and criteria that should be included or addressed in an effort to ensure a more sustainable global beef value chain. This effort to define the parameters of sustainable beef has been coordinated by Ruaraidh (Rory) Petre, Executive Director, GRSB.

Petre explained that there are a broad range of ecosystems in which beef can be produced sustainably, which makes a ‘one-size-fits-all’ approach an unrealistic goal.

“While a definition for sustainable beef at the global level will have directional validity, it is clear that context-specific elements, including indicators and metrics, will need to be developed at the regional or local level,” said Petre. “It is for this reason, that GRSB promotes the development of regional roundtables, similar to Brazilian Roundtable GTPS, to achieve sustainable on-the-ground improvements. GRSB seeks to influence and empower value chains to make local decisions that lead to positive change, not dictate or prescribe unachievable global standards or certifications.”

The conference will provide an in-depth discussion of those principles and criteria and how they might apply to various regions of the world.
For more information and online registration, please visit www.GRSBeef.org.