Monday, July 29, 2019

July 29 Crop Progress & Condition Report - NE - IA - US


For the week ending July 28, 2019, there were 6.2 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 1 percent very short, 21 short, 73 adequate, and 5 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 0 percent very short, 15 short, 79 adequate, and 6 surplus.

Field Crops Report:

Corn condition rated 1 percent very poor, 4 poor, 20 fair, 60 good, and 15 excellent. Corn silking was 70 percent, well behind 90 last year, and behind 88 for the five-year average. Dough was 12 percent, well behind 36 last year, and behind 22 average.

Soybean condition rated 1 percent very poor, 3 poor, 22 fair, 63 good, and 11 excellent. Soybeans blooming was 66 percent, well behind 86 last year, and behind 83 average. Setting pods was 34 percent, behind 49 last year and 43 average.

Winter wheat condition rated 3 percent very poor, 5 poor, 18 fair, 50 good, and 24 excellent. Winter wheat harvested was 55 percent, well behind 88 last year and 89 average.

Sorghum condition rated 0 percent very poor, 2 poor, 14 fair, 73 good, and 11 excellent. Sorghum headed was 26 percent, well behind 51 last year, and behind 38 average. Coloring was 1 percent, near 4 last year and 3 average.

Oats condition rated 2 percent very poor, 4 poor, 25 fair, 58 good, and 11 excellent. Oats harvested was 49 percent, well behind 90 last year and 75 average.

Dry edible bean condition rated 1 percent very poor, 5 poor, 29 fair, 55 good, and 10 excellent. Dry edible beans blooming was 41 percent. Setting pods was 10 percent.

Pasture and Range Report:

Pasture and range conditions rated 1 percent very poor, 2 poor, 16 fair, 68 good, and 13 excellent.


This past week brought below average temperatures and little to no rain across much of the State as Iowa farmers had 5.9 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending July 28, 2019, according to the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service. Fieldwork activities included scouting, spraying fungicides and insecticides, and harvesting hay and oats.

Topsoil moisture condition was rated 4 percent very short, 21 percent short, 71 percent adequate and 4 percent surplus. Districts in the southern third of Iowa and the east central district reported topsoil moisture conditions as over 40 percent short to very short. Some counties within those districts were also rated as abnormally dry for the first time this season according to the July 25, 2019, U.S. Drought Monitor. Subsoil moisture condition was rated 2 percent very short, 14 percent short, 79 percent adequate and 5 percent surplus.

Sixty-nine percent of the corn crop has begun to silk, 13 days behind last year and 8 days behind the 5-year average. Seven percent of the crop reached the dough stage, nearly one week behind both last year and average. Corn condition rated 65 percent good to excellent.

Sixty-five percent of the soybean crop has started to bloom, 13 days behind last year and 10 days behind average. Thirteen percent of the crop has started setting pods, nearly two weeks behind average. Soybean condition rated 62 percent good to excellent.

Ninety-four percent of oats started coloring, 2 days behind last year and average. Thirty-nine percent of the oat crop has been harvested for grain, 6 days behind average. Oat condition rated 63 percent good to excellent.

The second cutting of alfalfa hay reached 76 percent, 6 days behind average. A third cutting of alfalfa hay has started with 2 percent complete statewide. Hay condition rated 62 percent good to excellent.

Pasture condition declined for the fourth straight week with 56 percent good to excellent. Cooler temperatures this past week helped improve livestock conditions.

Corn, Soybean Good-to-Excellent Ratings Lowest in 7 Years

The condition of the U.S. corn crop improved slightly last week and the condition of soybeans held steady, according to the latest USDA NASS Crop Progress report released Monday. However, good-to-excellent ratings for both crops remain the worst they've been in seven years.

NASS pegged corn condition at 58% good to excellent as of Sunday, July 28, up 1 percentage point from 57% the previous week, but still the lowest good-to-excellent rating for this time of year in seven years.

Meanwhile, NASS estimated the condition of soybeans at 54% good to excellent, unchanged from the previous week and also the lowest good-to-excellent rating since 2012.

Development of both corn and soybeans jumped significantly last week, but continued to lag well behind the average pace.

Fifty-eight percent of corn was silking as of Sunday, NASS estimated, up 23 percentage points from 35% the previous week but still 25 percentage points behind the five-year average of 83%. Corn in the dough stage was pegged at 13%, up 8 percentage points from 5% the previous week but 10 percentage points behind the average of 23%.

The portion of the U.S. soybean crop that was blooming jumped 17 percentage points last week to reach 57% as of Sunday. That was 22 percentage points behind the five-year average of 79%. Soybeans setting pods jumped 14 percentage points to reach 21% as of Sunday, 24 percentage points behind the average pace of 45%

Winter wheat harvest moved ahead another 6 percentage points last week to reach 75% complete as of Sunday, behind last year's 84% and 11 percentage points behind the five-year average of 86%. However, harvest appeared to be suffering no obvious consequences despite being later than usual.

Spring wheat heading was nearly complete, at 97% as of Sunday, and was near the five-year average of 98%.  NASS estimated that 73% of spring wheat was in good-to-excellent condition, down from 76% last week and below 78% a year ago as conditions have been drier.

Sorghum heading reached 33% as of Sunday, behind both last year's 52% and the five-year average of 50%. Sorghum coloring was estimated at 21%, behind the average of 25%. Sorghum condition was rated 71% good to excellent, down 2 percentage points from the previous week. Oats were 97% headed, behind the average of 100%, and 21% of the crop was harvested, also behind the average of 35%.

Cotton squaring reached 86% as of Sunday, near the average pace of 87%. Cotton setting bolls was 45%, slightly behind the average of 48%. Cotton condition was rated 61% good to excellent, up 1 percentage point from the previous week. Rice headed was pegged at 42%, behind the average of 57%. Rice condition was rated 68% good to excellent, up 3 percentage points from the previous week.

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