Tuesday, July 1, 2014

June 30 Crop Progress & Condition Reports - NE - IA - US


For  the week  ending  June  29, 2014,  rain of  an  inch or more  coupled with lower average  temperatures provided excellent  conditions  for pastures and  spring planted crops,  according  to USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service.  Wheat was coloring  in most areas, but dry down was  slow due to high humidity and wet conditions.  Winter wheat harvest had not yet started. Producers worked between rain events to apply herbicides and additional nitrogen to corn. Irrigation needs were limited.  Repairs continued on storm damaged equipment.   Alfalfa second cutting advanced but was slow due  to  the wet conditions.  The number  of  days  considered  suitable  for  fieldwork were  4.0.   Topsoil moisture  supplies  rated  2  percent  very short,  14  short,  75  adequate,  and  9  surplus.  Subsoil moisture  supplies  rated  9  percent  very  short,  17  short,  70 adequate, and 4 surplus.
Field  Crops  Report:

Corn  conditions  rated  2  percent  very  poor,  5  poor,  23  fair,  52  good,  and  18  excellent.  Corn  silking  was  1 percent, near 0 last year and 4 average.  

Soybeans conditions rated 2 percent very poor, 4 poor, 23 fair, 57 good, and 14 excellent. Soybeans blooming was at 21 percent, ahead of 2 last year and 7 average.

Winter  wheat  conditions  rated  6  percent  very  poor,  14  poor,  31  fair,  45  good,  and  4 excellent. Winter wheat  coloring was 78 percent,  ahead of 70  last  year, but  equal  to  the  five-year average. Winter wheat mature was 19 percent, ahead of 4 last year, but behind 26 average.

Sorghum condition rated 0 percent very poor, 2 poor, 38 fair, 45 good, and 15 excellent. Sorghum emerged was 91 percent, behind 93  last year and 97 average. Sorghum headed was 1 percent, near 0 both  last year and  the average.

Oat  condition  rated  3  percent  very  poor,  18  poor,  29  fair,  48  good,  and  2  excellent.  Oats  jointing  was  95  percent.  Oats  headed  was  75  percent,  behind  91  both  last  year  and  the  average.  Oats  coloring  was  at  31 percent.  

Alfalfa hay  conditions  rated 2 percent very poor, 7 poor, 35  fair, 49  good,  and 7  excellent. Alfalfa hay  first cutting was 95 percent  complete, near 92  last year, and equal  to  the average. Alfalfa hay  second cutting was  25 percent complete, ahead of 5 last year, but near 26 average. 
Livestock,  Pasture  and  Range  Report: 

Pasture  and  range  conditions  rated  7  percent  very  poor,  11  poor,  30 fair, 46 good, and 6 excellent. Stock water supplies rated 2 percent very short, 6 short, 90 adequate, and 2 surplus. 

Access the National publication for Crop Progress and Condition tables at:  http://usda.mannlib.cornell.edu/usda/nass/CropProg//2010s/2014/CropProg-06-30-2014.txt.

Access  the  High  Plains  Region  Climate  Center  for  Temperature  and  Precipitation  Maps  at: http://www.hprcc.unl.edu/maps/current/index.php?action=update_region&state=NE&region=HPRCC

Access the U.S. Drought Monitor at: http://droughtmonitor.unl.edu/Home/StateDroughtMonitor.aspx?NE.


Recurring precipitation continued  to  limit fieldwork  in Iowa during  the week  ending  June  29,  2014,  according  to  the  USDA,  National Agricultural  Statistics  Service.    Statewide  there  were  just  2.2  days suitable for fieldwork.  A few producers were able to do a little spraying and herbicide application between storms. 

Precipitation  raised  soil  moisture  levels  again  this  week.    Topsoil moisture  levels  rated 0 percent very short, 3 percent  short, 61 percent adequate,  and  36  percent  surplus.    Subsoil  moisture  levels  rated 1 percent  very  short,  9  percent  short,  68  percent  adequate,  and 22 percent surplus.  With the exception of southeast Iowa, every district in the state had over one-quarter of its topsoil in surplus condition.

There  were  isolated  reports  of  corn  silking.   Corn  condition  rated 1 percent very poor, 4 percent poor, 16 percent  fair,  56 percent good, and  23  percent  excellent.   

Six  percent  of  the  soybean  acreage  was blooming, 10 days ahead of the previous year but 2 days behind normal.  Soybean condition rated 1 percent very poor, 5 percent poor, 19 percent fair, 57 percent good, and 18 percent  excellent.  

Eighty-six percent of the  oat  crop  has  headed,  4  percentage  points  above  last  year  but 2 percentage points behind five-year average.  Eleven percent of the oat acreage  has  turned  color,  5  percentage  points  ahead  of  last  year  but 13 percentage  points  behind  average.     Oat  condition  rated  0  percent very  poor,  2  percent  poor,  24  percent  fair,  61  percent  good,  and 13 percent excellent.  

The  first cutting of alfalfa hay was 90 percent complete, 3 percentage points  ahead  of  both  last  year  and  average.   Hay  condition was  rated 1 percent very poor, 5 percent poor, 26 percent  fair, 52 percent good, and 16 percent excellent.  

Pasture condition rated 1 percent very poor, 3 percent  poor,  22  percent  fair,  53  percent  good,  and  21  percent excellent.    Livestock  conditions  were  reported  as  good  except  for dealing  with  increased  insect  pressure  and  flooded  pastures  and feedlots.

USDA Weekly Crop Progress - June 30, 2014

Corn condition improved slightly and soybean condition held about steady in the week ended June 29, according to USDA's latest Crop Progress report, while winter wheat harvest is nearing its halfway mark.

Corn is rated 75% good to excellent, compared to 74% last week, with 5% of the crop silking. That compares to a five-year average of 9%.

Soybeans were rated 72% good to excellent, equal to last week. Ninety-four percent of soybeans are emerged (94%=average) and 10% are blooming (equal to average).

Winter wheat is 43% harvested, compared to 33% last week and a five-year average of 48%. Winter wheat condition held steady at 30% good to excellent. 

Sorghum is 93% planted and 21% headed, compared to five-year averages of 96% and 23%. Sorghum condition improved in the last week.

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