NEBRASKA CROP PROGRESS AND CONDITION
For the week ending August 4, 2019, there were 5.8 days suitable for fieldwork, according to the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 5 percent very short, 21 short, 69 adequate, and 5 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 4 percent very short, 14 short, 75 adequate, and 7 surplus.
Field Crops Report:
Corn condition rated 1 percent very poor, 5 poor, 23 fair, 58 good, and 13 excellent. Corn silking was 85 percent, behind 94 last year and 95 for the five-year average. Dough was 27 percent, well behind 54 last year, and behind 40 average.
Soybean condition rated 1 percent very poor, 4 poor, 25 fair, 57 good, and 13 excellent. Soybeans blooming was 78 percent, behind 92 last year and 91 average. Setting pods was 51 percent, behind 66 last year and 62 average.
Winter wheat harvested was 75 percent, behind 93 last year, and well behind 96 average.
Sorghum condition rated 0 percent very poor, 1 poor, 16 fair, 73 good, and 10 excellent. Sorghum headed was 43 percent, well behind 75 last year, and behind 61 average. Coloring was 4 percent, near 5 last year and 6 average.
Oats harvested was 75 percent, well behind 96 last year, and behind 86 average.
Dry edible bean condition rated 2 percent very poor, 9 poor, 32 fair, 49 good, and 8 excellent. Dry edible beans blooming was 60 percent. Setting pods was 23 percent.
Pasture and Range Report:
Pasture and range conditions rated 1 percent very poor, 2 poor, 15 fair, 67 good, and 15 excellent.
IOWA CROP PROGRESS & CONDITION REPORT
Another dry week across most of the State allowed Iowa farmers 6.0 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending August 4, 2019, according to the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service. Fieldwork activities included moving grain, spraying fungicides and insecticides, and harvesting hay and oats.
Topsoil moisture condition was rated 5 percent very short, 26 percent short, 67 percent adequate and 2 percent surplus. Areas in 41 counties throughout Iowa were rated as abnormally dry according to the August 1, 2019 U.S. Drought Monitor. Subsoil moisture condition was rated 3 percent very short, 19 percent short, 75 percent adequate and 3 percent surplus.
Eighty-four percent of the corn crop has begun to silk, 15 days behind last year and 10 days behind the 5-year average. Twenty percent of the crop reached the dough stage, 10 days behind last year and 1 week behind average. Corn condition rated 66 percent good to excellent.
Seventy-eight percent of the soybean crop has started to bloom, 15 days behind last year and 11 days behind average. Thirty-three percent of the crop has started setting pods, 16 days behind last year and 13 days behind average. Soybean condition improved slightly to 65 percent good to excellent from the previous week. Nearly all of the oat crop has started coloring at 97 percent statewide. Sixty-four percent of the oat crop has been harvested for grain, nearly 1 week behind average.
The second cutting of alfalfa hay reached 86 percent, 6 days behind average. The third cutting of alfalfa hay reached 11 percent complete statewide, 8 days behind average. Hay condition rated 61 percent good to excellent.
Pasture condition continued to decline for the fifth straight week with 53 percent good to excellent. There were no major livestock issues reported this past week.
Good-to-Excellent Ratings for Corn at 57%, Soybeans at 54%
Corn and soybean development remained well behind the average pace at the end of last week and good-to-excellent condition ratings remain the lowest since 2012, according to the latest USDA NASS Crop Progress report released Monday.
As of Sunday, Aug. 4, 78% of corn was silking, up 20 percentage points from 58% the previous week but 15 percentage points behind the five-year average of 93%. That was an improvement from last Monday's report when silking was running 25 percentage points behind average. Corn in the dough stage was pegged at 23%, up 10 percentage points from 13% the previous week but 19 percentage points behind the five-year average of 42%. Corn's good-to-excellent condition rating was pegged at 57%, down 1 percentage point from 58% the previous week and still the lowest good-to-excellent rating for this time of year in seven years.
Soybean development was also running well behind normal last week. The portion of the crop that was blooming was up 15 percentage points last week to reach 72% as of Sunday. That was 15 percentage points behind the five-year average of 87%, an improvement from last Monday's report when blooming was running 22 percentage points behind the five-year average. Soybeans setting pods reached 37% as of Sunday, 26 percentage points behind the average pace of 63%. The condition of the soybean crop held steady at 54% good to excellent. That was below last year's good-to-excellent rating of 67% and remains the lowest good-to-excellent rating since 2012.
Winter wheat harvest continued to inch along last week, reaching 82% complete as of Sunday, behind last year's 89% and 10 percentage points behind the five-year average of 92%.
In its first spring wheat harvest report of the season Monday, NASS estimated only 2% of the crop was harvested nationwide, behind last year's 12% and 12 percentage points behind the five-year average of 14%. Spring wheat condition -- for the portion of the crop still in the field -- remained at 73% good to excellent, unchanged from the previous week and near last year's good-to-excellent rating at the same time of year of 74%.
Sorghum heading reached 45% as of Sunday, still well behind both last year's 67% and the five-year average of 62%. Sorghum coloring was estimated at 23%, behind the average of 30%. Sorghum condition was rated 68% good to excellent, down 7 percentage points from 75% the previous week. Oats were 32% harvested, behind the average of 49%.
Cotton squaring reached 95% as of Sunday, slightly ahead of the average pace of 93%. Cotton setting bolls was 59%, slightly behind the average of 61%. Cotton condition was rated 54% good to excellent, down 7 percentage points from 61% the previous week. Rice headed was pegged at 60%, behind the average of 73%. Rice condition was rated 68% good to excellent, unchanged from the previous week.
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