Saturday, November 12, 2022

Friday November 11 Ag News

National Drought Summary for November 8, 2022

This week continued with another active weather pattern over portions of the Pacific Northwest as well as into the central Plains and Midwest. With widespread heavy rain from Kansas into Wisconsin as well as portions of the lower Mississippi River valley, some areas recorded significant precipitation during the period. Temperatures over the eastern half of the country were above normal, some significantly, while most of the West was cooler than normal. A continued wet pattern over the Pacific Northwest as well as portions of the Midwest has allowed for continued improvement to drought intensities, especially in areas that are receiving abundant precipitation. Dryness continues to build over eastern portions of the Midwest and into the Southeast as well as along the Gulf Coast.

A stark contrast in precipitation appears over the region where some areas were impacted by a strong frontal passage that brought with it excessive rain for this time of year. Those areas that missed out continued to be dry. From Wisconsin into Iowa and Missouri, the greatest rains occurred with over 200% of normal precipitation recorded during the week. Dry conditions dominated the Ohio River Valley as well as the Upper Midwest where the dryness has been mounting during autumn. Dryness allowed for degradation of drought intensities over Ohio, eastern Kentucky and central Indiana. Further degradation was observed over much of Minnesota again this week. Full category improvements to the drought intensities were made over western Kentucky, southern and northwest Missouri, central and eastern Iowa, and much of Wisconsin. Moderate drought was also reduced in northern Illinois with the recent rains. Extreme drought was eliminated from most of southeast Missouri as well as western Kentucky.

High Plains
Much of the High Plains remained dry this week with only portions of southeast Nebraska and eastern Kansas recording above-normal precipitation. Temperatures were mostly above normal for the area, but western portions were normal to slightly below this week, with the warmest temperatures over eastern Kansas where departures were 6-9 degrees above normal. With the continued dryness, most of the changes were worsening drought intensities. As the autumn remained dry over much of Nebraska, expansions were made to extreme and exceptional drought in the northeast and western parts of the state. Western Kansas, eastern Colorado and eastern Wyoming also had expansions of severe, extreme and exceptional drought conditions. Much of eastern and central Kansas saw improvement from several inches of rain, which lead to the reduction of all drought intensities (including the extreme and exceptional areas in the southern portion of the state) and the removal of extreme drought in the northeast.

Looking Ahead
Over the next 5-7 days, it is anticipated that the impact of tropical storm Nicole over the east coast will be significant, bringing a great deal of precipitation from Florida to Maine during the next several days. A winter storm is impacting the northern Plains into the upper Midwest, bringing with it some significant snow while a frontal passage over the Plains will allow for some precipitation from Nebraska south into the lower Mississippi valley. Temperatures during this period look to be well below normal, with portions of the northern Plains 20-24 degrees below normal during this time. Warmer-than-normal temperatures will impact the Northeast and Mid-Atlantic, with temperatures 6-9 degrees above normal.

The 6–10 day outlooks show that temperatures are expected to be well below normal over most of the country, with areas of the Plains having the highest likelihood of recording below-normal temperatures. In contrast, Alaska is anticipating warmer-than-normal temperatures during this time. The greatest chance of above-normal precipitation is over the Southeast as well as through the Rocky Mountains while much of the central Plains and Midwest as well as the West have the greatest chances of having below-normal precipitation.

Registration open for Nov. 29 Carbon Summit on UNL’s East Campus

As state and federal leaders look toward ways to mitigate rising global temperatures, much discussion has focused on carbon.  

Researchers are studying the extent to which regenerative agricultural techniques, such as planting cover crops and adopting no-till management, can help trap carbon in the soil and keep it from escaping into the atmosphere.  

And in the past few years, carbon markets have emerged, allowing farmers and ranchers that implement regenerative management practices to profit.  

But there is still much to learn about carbon in agricultural systems, practices intended to sequester it, and the emerging carbon market industry. To demystify carbon and the buzz around it, the University of Nebraska-Lincoln’s Institute of Agriculture and Natural Resources will host a Carbon Summit on Nov. 29.  

The summit, which will take place from 9 a.m. to 3:30 p.m. in the Nebraska East Union, 1705 Arbor Drive, is intended for anyone who wants to learn more about carbon and agriculture. The event builds on last year’s Soil Health Summit, which blended presentations on the elements and function of healthy soils from leading soil scientists and producers with participant discussion about conservation strategies and producer best practices.  

The Carbon Summit will follow a similar format, said Ron Yoder, Senior Associate Vice Chancellor for IANR.

“Carbon is a big issue right now, but there is still much we do not know,” Yoder said. “The event is intended to be an overview that gives those who choose to attend the tools they need to make their own decisions about carbon management, carbon markets and other issues around carbon.”

The event will begin with a panel discussion about carbon and its role in agricultural systems, including cropland, grazing lands livestock systems. Discussions on measuring carbon, carbon sequestration and carbon markets will follow. A keynote address will explore the role of agriculture in the larger carbon cycle. Throughout the event, participants will have the opportunity to take part in conversations on these and other issues.  

The event is free and open to the public, though registration is required. For more information, including a complete schedule and registration link, visit

Agricultural Land Management Quarterly

Jim Jansen, Agricultural Economist, and Allan Vyhnalek, Extension Educator
Nov 21, 2022 12:00 PM
Presented by the Center for Agricultural Profitability at the University of Nebraska
Register here:

Offered since 2019, the Agricultural Land Management Quarterly webinar series address common management issues for Nebraska landowners, agricultural operators and related stakeholders interested in the latest insight on trends in real estate, managing agricultural land and solutions for addressing challenges in the upcoming growing season.

The November webinar will cover recent findings from the 2022 USDA-National Agricultural Statistics Service county-level cash rent survey and trends in farm programs influencing operations across the state. The presentation will also include a segment on landlord-tenant communication issues related to closing out 2022 leases and review leasing considerations for 2023. The webinar will conclude with an “Ask the Experts” session, offering participants the chance to get live answers to their land or leasing questions.


Plant breeders traditionally have focused on factors such as disease resistance, drought tolerance and ways to boost crop yields and the producer’s bottom line — all matters of practical importance. Recent research by Institute of Agriculture and Natural Resources scientists shows the value of considering an additional factor: strengthening a plant’s ability to promote human health.

IANR researchers found that consumption of a new popcorn variety developed using conventional breeding techniques by David Holding, a professor with the University of Nebraska-Lincoln’s Department of Agronomy and Horticulture, has a notably beneficial effect on the human microbiome, the complex community of bacteria in the human gut.

As the popcorn is digested, the microbiome responds by greatly increasing its production of butyrate, a “short-chain” fatty acid that boosts human health in major ways. Nate Korth, a doctoral student with Nebraska’s Department of Food Science and Technology and co-investigator in the research project, listed some benefits that butyrate facilitates: “Curbing appetite. Training the immune system. It's used as sort of a communication molecule between the microbiome and the human body. It also has a role in sleep function.”

Human nutrition studies involving malnourished children have shown that higher production of butyrate by the microbiome resulted in increased physical growth rates and significant gains in height and body weight.

“When we introduce changes in plants, we’re usually thinking about the agronomic qualities” such as improved disease or drought resistance, but not about “how those changes are impacting the nutrition of the crops,” Korth said. The IANR project — whose findings were recently published in the journal Frontiers in Microbiology — underscores the value of considering the nutritional effects from new crop strains.

“We hope to help facilitate that change in the future by bringing light and publicity to these varieties of plants that have enhanced nutritional properties,” Korth said. “Not only is there a market for it, but it also will improve the quality of life for people by giving them access to these staple crops, everyday foods, that have improved nutritional value.”

People can “still introduce more fruits and vegetables into your diet,” he said, “but also you can get components to feed your microbiome from the foods you're already eating. That's really a powerful thing, and it helps solve some of the nutritional deficits that we're facing in the United States right now.”

The project’s findings connect directly to the mission of IANR's Food for Health Center, whose research focuses on strengthening the scientific understanding of the relationships among food, health and the human microbiome. Korth is a research fellow with the center.

In addition to Korth, the IANR scientists involved in the popcorn nutrition study were Holding, Leandra Parsons, Mallory J. Van Haute, Qinnan Yang, Preston Hurst, James Schnable and Andrew Benson.

Grains such as corn, rice and wheat “can fulfill a significant proportion of total daily protein needs in both humans and animals,” they write in the journal article, but “the protein present in these grains is deficient in certain essential amino acids” that humans need to survive. The designation of an amino acid as “essential” means it isn’t produced by the human body on its own but instead must be obtained from dietary sources.

The popcorn variety Holding developed was naturally derived from a longstanding line known as Quality Protein Maize (QPM). This new QPM strain is rich in the essential amino acids lysine and tryptophan, which are lacking in conventional corn varieties. The research article shows that certain human gut microbes can convert lysine to butyrate, a healthful fatty acid.

Previous scientific studies analyzed plant-derived sources of protein but not their influences on the human microbiome, Korth and his coauthors note. “In this exploratory study,” they write, “we have begun to fill this major research gap by testing the hypothesis that major differences in seed protein composition can have distinct effects on the human gut microbiome.” Filling in that scientific gap has growing relevance, they write, “given the increasing interest in plant-derived protein sources for foods.”

Nebraska has long been a national leader in popcorn cultivation. Producers annually plant more than 60,000 acres, yielding nearly 120 million pounds of the savory food. At present, opportunities for converting a portion of acreage to QPM are limited, given complications including the limited number of seeds.

Expanding the understanding of the connections linking food, human health and the microbiome is a promising area for scientists, Korth said.

“It's just such an interesting area,” he said. “There are a lot of unexplored corridors, and it really piqued my curiosity. I think scientists, at their core, are explorers, and the microbiome is an unexplored area at this time.”

Scientists have pursued notable projects in that field in recent years, he said, but the landscape of unexplored research territory remains large.

For food science researchers, “there's still a lot of work to do.”

USMEF Conference Concludes with Election of New Officers, Overview of Current Trade Landscape

The U.S. Meat Export Federation (USMEF) Strategic Planning Conference wrapped up Friday in Oklahoma City with the election of a new officer team. Dean Meyer, a corn, soybean and livestock producer from Rock Rapids, Iowa, is the new USMEF chair.

In addition to raising corn and soybeans, Meyer’s diversified operation – which he oversees with his three sons – includes a cattle feedlot and a farrow-to-finish hog facility. This provides him with a deep appreciation of the diverse range of agricultural sectors that make up USMEF.

“USMEF is a very unique organization where a corn grower from North Dakota, a cattle feeder from Texas and a soybean farmer from Indiana can pull together to market the same product,” Meyer said. “I’ve seen the momentum growing in the way these sectors work together, and my goal is to enhance that even more. Wearing several different hats, I have a broad perspective – and this organization is my passion.”

Meyer became involved with red meat exports through the Iowa Corn Growers Association, where he served as a director and as Iowa Corn’s USMEF representative. During his time in the USMEF leadership, Meyer has had several opportunities to visit major export markets and share details of his farming operation with importers, distributors and everyday consumers. His farm was also recently featured in a video campaign promoting U.S. beef in Japan.

“It was really an honor to showcase my family and my farm, and to educate Japanese consumers on how we sustainably raise our livestock and crops,” he said. “Our customers overseas love the quality and safety of U.S. red meat, but they want more than that. They want to know the story behind these products and details on how they are produced. Having the opportunity to tell that story and engage with these customers has been a very positive experience.”

Meyer succeeds outgoing USMEF Chair Mark Swanson of Fort Collins, Colo., founder of food safety and management consulting firm Tru Grit KGMS Enterprises LLC. Minnesota pork producer Randy Spronk will serve as USMEF chair-elect in the coming year, while the vice chair is Steve Hanson, a cattle rancher from southwestern Nebraska. The newest USMEF officer is Secretary/Treasurer Jay Theiler, executive vice president of corporate affairs for Agri Beef, based in Boise, Idaho.

Friday’s closing business session offered attendees a comprehensive overview of the Biden administration’s current trade initiatives and their potential impact on red meat exports. Longtime U.S. trade negotiator Sharon Bomer Lauritsen, who is now a trade policy consultant with AgTrade Strategies, LLC, praised her successors for their efforts to address trade barriers that limit U.S. agricultural exports. But she questioned the degree to which the Biden administration has prioritized agricultural trade, noting that Congress still has yet to confirm the nominees for USTR chief agricultural negotiator and USDA undersecretary for trade.

“So it’s hard to get that political push for agriculture when it’s not the priority that it has been in prior administrations – including the Obama administration,” Bomer Lauritsen said.

She spotlighted tense relations between the U.S. and China but noted that the vast Chinese market still holds tremendous opportunities for U.S. agricultural exports.

“I think it’s important to try and separate food trade, and to calm some of the rhetoric we’re seeing in our own politics related to China,” she said. “While I know that your industry is having some difficulties with China, I would still argue that the Phase One Agreement that we negotiated is a huge success.”

Bomer Lauritsen closed by emphasizing the critical need for U.S. agriculture to remain engaged on U.S. trade policy.

“If you’re not there speaking up, you’re never going to see any positive changes,” she said. “You must engage with people at the civil service level – where I was – as well as with your elected officials in Congress and your foreign country counterparts, or things won’t get fixed.”

On Thursday, the conference focused on the 45th anniversary of USMEF’s inaugural office in Tokyo. The session showcased the value the U.S.-Japan trade partnership delivers for the U.S. red meat industry, highlighting marketing initiatives and future opportunities. Japan has consistently been the leading value destination for U.S. red meat exports and 2022 is no exception, with shipments through September topping $3 billion.

Masayoshi Kinoshita, director of meat marketing and trade policy for Japan’s Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, kicked off the discussion with an historical overview of meat supply and demand in Japan. Kinoshita recounted his positive experiences in working with USMEF and described the challenges Japan faces in its domestic production, leading to an expanded role for imports in meeting the country’s growing demand for red meat.

A panel discussion featuring USMEF-Japan staff was moderated by USMEF Vice President of Economic Analysis Erin Borror and included Japan Director Takemichi Yamashoji, Marketing Director Satoshi Kato and Taz Hijikata, consumer affairs director. The session centered on Japan’s value to the U.S. red meat industry as a trusted and reliable customer, and the potential for further growth as consumers in nearly every age group continue to shift from high-priced seafood consumption toward animal proteins.

Japan’s value as a trading partner goes beyond its billions of dollars in annual purchases, displaying a tremendous appetite for cuts and variety meats that are underutilized in the United States. This demand delivers value back to livestock producers and to every level of the U.S. supply chain.

“Japan is importing $20 worth of beef tongue from every animal this year and its purchases of skirts and hangers adds $10.45 to each fed animal in the U.S.,” Borror explained. “Japan also accounts for more than 6% of U.S. pork loin production and about 13% to 15% of our picnic production through its demand for ground seasoned pork.”

Panelists described recent marketing initiatives developed to promote new applications and uses for underutilized cuts and variety meats in Japan’s foodservice and retail sectors. Longstanding industry relationships are key to USMEF’s ability to introduce and test new applications in the Japanese market. This year, for example, marketing programs have targeted the foodservice sector with promotions for fried pork loin, new pulled pork recipes utilizing the picnic and new U.S. beef recipes for Japan’s fast-growing yakiniku sector.

“Inflation and a weakened yen have tightened consumer budgets and the market is very receptive to trying affordable protein options,” said Yamashoji. “We are conducting promotions at foodservice and retail, and these new recipe ideas are reaching millions of consumers through social media.”

Thursday’s activities also included meetings of USMEF’s standing committees, which allow members to receive updates on issues impacting specific sectors. Members of the USMEF Feedgrains and Oilseeds Caucus were treated to an appearance by Oklahoma Secretary of Agriculture Blayne Arthur. She welcomed USMEF’s first-ever meeting in Oklahoma and praised the state’s agricultural organizations for their role in expanding global demand for U.S. red meat.

Global production forecasts, export projections, market access challenges and logistics updates were among the agenda items in breakout sessions for the Pork and Allied Industries Committee, Beef and Allied Industries Committee and Exporter Committee. One presentation that received particular attention was a panel discussion by USMEF’s directors in Korea, South America and the ASEAN region on convenience-driven trends in product packaging.

The Exporter Committee and Pork and Allied Industries Committee collaborated on a resolution requesting that USDA and the Office of the U.S. Trade Representative make it a top priority to reach regionalization agreements with key trading partners related to African swine fever and other foreign animal diseases. The resolution notes that when implemented in cooperation with state animal health officials, these agreements can be a critical tool for mitigating trade disruptions in the event of an animal disease outbreak.

Former U.S. Trade Representative Robert Lighthizer, who spearheaded key trade agreements achieved under the Trump administration, was honored with USMEF’s Michael J. Mansfield Award. The USMEF Distinguished Service Award was presented to Where Food Comes From co-founder Leann Saunders.

Motivational Speakers to Keynote Women in Ag Leadership Conference

Two motivational speakers with leadership experience in the agricultural industry will keynote the annual Women in Ag Leadership Conference Nov. 29-30 at the Gateway Hotel and Conference Center in Ames.

Amy Cronin, who raises swine in Ontario, Canada, as well as Iowa and Missouri, will share her experience growing her family’s operation and managing risks related to farming. Cleophus (Cleo) Franklin Jr., an experienced ag business executive and author, will share his passion for building robust business models and strategies for success.

The conference is in its sixth year and is hosted by Iowa State University Extension and Outreach.

Cronin is a Nuffield Farming Scholar and is investigating on-farm business risk management solutions around the world. She just recently returned from an 18-day agriculture tour in Africa, where she is working to learn more about risk management.

“It is important that we understand the differences in other parts of the world,” she said. “We must go in with an ear to listen rather than thinking we have all the answers. Only through working together and really listening together can we produce solutions.”

Cronin will present her keynote message Nov. 30 called “Changing the World One Step at a Time.” As a woman in agriculture, Cronin can relate to the joys and struggles of working in agriculture. She says there is no one right way to do anything, and life is about sharing, collaborating and doing the hard things to continue to grow.

She will also present a session called “Digging Deep So That We Can Travel Far,” in which she will encourage women to think about what is important to them and to take on new tasks.

“To be great leaders, we first need to understand who we are and what we stand for,” Cronin said. “Allowing ourselves to dive into opportunities lets us contribute to new roles in agriculture in a way that is impactful and meaningful.”

On Nov. 30, Cleophus (Cleo) Franklin Jr. will present his capstone message called “Partnering with Purpose: Building Meaningful Partnerships That Win!”

“Purpose is a belief that what you do matters and when you focus on what matters, the results can be transformational,” said Franklin, whose ag leadership includes over 30 years with brands like John Deere, Case-New Holland and Mahindra. “Purpose is what gets you up in the morning and keeps you going in the evening. When we have clarity of purpose, our contributions are amplified and extended from our homes, the workplace, and throughout the communities where we live.”

Franklin’s global leadership ( books focus on his passion for providing personal and professional leadership development career pathways for anyone who is leading or aspiring to lead. He also founded Franklin Strategic Solutions (, a global consulting business, and Morningside University’s “Franklin Leadership Foundation.”

Despite growing up in the inner city of Chicago, Franklin’s love for agriculture was cultivated at a young age. Both his parents were raised on farms, and Franklin spent a great deal of time visiting his grandparents, who lived in a rural area, during the summer months of his youth.

“There were many strong, fierce and influential role models always around me,” said Franklin. “I am honored and excited to share my message with women leaders in Iowa agriculture.”

The two-day program features more than two-dozen speakers and multiple breakout sessions, including a welcome address from John Lawrence, vice president for ISU Extension and Outreach.

The cost to attend the conference is $90 for adults and $45 for students. A limited number of attendance scholarships are available by emailing

Register online at

New Grants Support Award-Winning RFA Safety Programs

The Renewable Fuels Association has again received grant funding to continue to support its safety education program through on-site seminars and Internet webinars. Both grants were received via the association’s work with TRANSCAER, a voluntary national outreach program that focuses on assisting communities to prepare for and respond to a possible hazardous material transportation incident.

A $25,000 grant from the Federal Railroad Administration will support eight ethanol safety seminars and four “train the trainer” webinars for first responders, and a $40,432 Community Safety Grant from the Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration (PHMSA) will fund four Ethanol & Steel Drum Safety seminars in conjunction with the Industrial Steel Drum Institute.

“These federal funds will provide the Renewable Fuels Association with the opportunity to further their training and outreach initiatives to emergency responders in communities across the United States. Through federal grant funding the RFA has already updated their Ethanol Safety Training program, made their ethanol program available online in Spanish, and offered numerous in-person and virtual learning opportunities,” said Erica Bernstein, Director of Outreach, CHEMTREC and TRANSCAER.

“The RFA prioritizes safety in the renewable fuels industry, and we consider it our mission to help and provide the best resources available to our ethanol plants and the emergency response community so they can have safe work environment and keep the communities they support safe,” said Missy Ruff, RFA Director of Safety and Technical Programs. “We appreciate the continued support these grants provide to ensure emergency responders have the resources and practices in this life-saving work in properly responding to ethanol emergencies. We wouldn’t be able to give them the safety resources and training without it.”

In 2022, more than 1,200 attendees were trained via 34 training opportunities supported by RFA. Since its inception in 2010, RFA’s safety program is responsible for training over 15,000 individuals and conducting nearly 400 training sessions and events. For more information on RFA’s work in this area, visit the Ethanol Emergency Response website at, where the training programs conducted in the seminars and webinars can be seen.

USDA Highlights AIM for Climate Accomplishments, Announces 2023 Plans

At the 27th United Nations Climate Change Conference of the Parties (COP27) this week, United States Secretary of Agriculture Tom Vilsack highlighted key accomplishments of the Agriculture Innovation Mission for Climate (AIM for Climate) in driving climate action by increasing investment and worldwide support for climate-smart agriculture and food systems innovation.

“We need innovation of all kinds to tackle the urgent crises of food insecurity and climate change. Innovation in agriculture offers a promise of a brighter future,” Vilsack said. “Since its launch by the United States and the United Arab Emirates a year ago at COP26, AIM for Climate has united hundreds of public- and private-sector partners to support and fund agriculture-centric solutions to the most pressing challenges of our time.”

Since COP26, AIM for Climate has:
    More than doubled the investment in climate-smart agriculture and food systems innovation, to more than $8 billion.
    More than tripled the number of innovation sprints, announcing 22 innovation sprints bringing the total to 30.
    More than tripled the number of partners to more than 275 partners worldwide.

At COP27, Vilsack announced two new USDA contributions to AIM for Climate:
    $5 million in support of the Enteric Fermentation Research and Development Accelerator, an AIM for Climate innovation sprint led by the Global Methane Hub, to accelerate cost-effective solutions to reduce enteric methane emissions
    $5 million for the Efficient Fertilizer Consortium, to be established by the Foundation for Food & Agriculture Research (FFAR) and implemented in partnership with AIM for Climate, as a component of U.S. support for the Global Fertilizer Challenge to advance applied research on efficient fertilizer products and practices in collaboration with the private sector.

Vilsack also announced that the United States will host the AIM for Climate Summit May 8-10, 2023, in Washington, D.C., with FFAR’s support, bringing together AIM for Climate partners from around the world to collaborate and further elevate their groundbreaking work on climate-smart agriculture and food systems innovation.

Together with the United Arab Emirates, the United States also:
    Launched the AIM for Climate Innovation Hub a new virtual platform that connects partners and the public, invigorating critical conversations around climate-smart agriculture and food systems innovation through cross-collaboration and exchange of ideas and information regarding challenges, opportunities, and investment gaps.
    Announced the Call to Action: Uniting Global Venture Investment in support of Climate-Smart Agricultural Innovation to encourage increased investments in climate-smart agricultural innovation to fund startups, early-stage, and emerging companies. Recognizing the important role of the venture community in advancing climate-smart agricultural solutions, the community of angel investors, venture capital, venture debt, corporate venture capital, family and foundation seed investors and other institutional seed investors can play an important role in advancing climate-smart agricultural solutions. Organizations that respond to the Call to Action will be invited to participate in high-level events during the AIM for Climate Summit.
    Announced the Grand Challenge: Leveraging the Power of AI and Machine-Learning, to further advance climate-smart agricultural innovation through open-source artificial intelligence and machine learning. AIM for Climate partner Enterprise Neurosystem, an open-source community of leading academic institutions and chief scientists of America’s top technology companies, will host this Grand Challenge. Finalists will be invited to present at, and winners announced during, the AIM for Climate Summit.

Large Tractor, Combine Sales Up During October

According to the Association of Equipment Manufacturer's monthly "Flash Report," the sale of all tractors during October 2022 in the U.S. were down 11% from the same month last year.

In October, a total of 26,695 tractors were sold which compares to 29,923 sold in 2021.  For the month, two-wheel drive smaller tractors (under 40 HP) were down 24% from last year, while 40 & under 100 HP were up 3%. Sales of 2-wheel drive 100+ HP were up 26%, while 4-wheel drive tractors were up 9%. Combine sales in October totaled 1,678 up 77% from last year.

For the year, two-wheel drive smaller tractors (under 40 HP) are down 18% from last year, while 40 & under 100 HP are down 11%. Sales of 2-wheel drive 100+ HP are up 14%, while 4-wheel drive tractors are up 16%. Year to date sales of combines in 2022 total 6,221, an increase of 16% from the same period in 2021.

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