NEBRASKA CROP PROGRESS AND CONDITION
For the week ending July 12, 2015, temperatures were cool during much of the week before turning hot over the weekend, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Significant rainfall was limited to southern border counties, as well as parts of north central Nebraska and portions of the lower Panhandle. The seasonably hot conditions boosted crop development. The heat and high humidity stressed livestock. Wheat harvest progressed in southern counties. There were 6.0 days suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 4 percent very short, 19 short, 71 adequate, and 6 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 4 percent very short, 18 short, 73 adequate, and 5 surplus.
Field Crops Report: Corn condition rated 1 percent very poor, 5 poor, 21 fair, 58 good, and 15 excellent. Corn silking was at 22 percent, behind 29 last year and the five-year average of 30.
Sorghum condition rated 0 percent very poor, 1 poor, 30 fair, 63 good, and 6 excellent. Sorghum headed was at 2 percent, behind 9 last year, but near 3 average.
Soybean condition rated 1 percent very poor, 6 poor, 22 fair, 58 good, and 13 excellent. Soybeans blooming was at 42 percent, behind 53 last year, but near 41 average. Setting pods was at 3 percent, behind 15 last year, but near 6 average.
Winter wheat condition rated 15 percent very poor, 19 poor, 30 fair, 35 good, and 1 excellent. Winter wheat coloring was at 96 percent, near 95 last year and 98 average. Mature was at 86 percent, well ahead of 61 last year and 60 average. Harvested was at 27 percent, near 28 last year, but behind 38 average.
Oats condition rated 2 percent very poor, 6 poor, 25 fair, 61 good, and 6 excellent. Oats coloring was at 81 percent, ahead of 66 last year. Mature was at 10 percent, well behind 34 average. Harvested was at 6 percent, behind 11 last year, and well behind 28 average.
Alfalfa condition rated 1 percent very poor, 4 poor, 24 fair, 58 good, and 13 excellent. Alfalfa hay first cutting was at 98 percent, near 100 for both last year and the average. Second cutting was at 45 percent, behind 51 last year and 58 average.
Livestock, Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range conditions rated 2 percent very poor, 4 poor, 19 fair, 62 good, and 13 excellent.Stock water supplies rated 2 percent very short, 5 short, 91 adequate, and 2 surplus.
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IOWA CROP PROGRESS & CONDITION REPORT
Reports of corn silking, soybeans setting pods, and oats being harvested for grain were received for the week ending July 12, 2015, according to the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service. Statewide there were 4.8 days suitable for fieldwork. Activities for the week included cutting hay, cultivating and applying herbicides. Topsoil moisture levels rated 0 percent very short, 3 percent short, 77 percent adequate and 20 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture levels rated 0 percent very short, 3 percent short, 78 percent adequate and 19 percent surplus. Reporters in north central and northwest Iowa expressed a need for additional precipitation.
Seventeen percent of the corn crop reached the silking stage, 2 days behind last year and 3 days behind the 5-year average. Eighty two percent of the corn crop was rated good to excellent.
Soybeans blooming or beyond reached 40 percent, with some reports of soybeans setting pods. Soybean condition rated 78 percent good to excellent this week. Nearly all of the State’s oats were headed or beyond.
Oat acreage turning color reached 69 percent, with 13 percent of the oat crop harvested, 4 days ahead of last year, but 2 days behind normal. Eighty-two percent of the oat crop rated good to excellent.
The second cutting of alfalfa hay reached 40 percent, 5 days ahead of last year, but 4 days behind
average. Hay condition was rated at 71 percent good to excellent, while pasture condition rated 79
percent good to excellent. Livestock stress levels increased as temperatures and humidity climbed late in the week.
IOWA PRELIMINARY WEATHER SUMMARY
Provided by Harry Hillaker, State Climatologist
Iowa Department of Agriculture & Land Stewardship
Unseasonably cool weather prevailed until the weekend when much warmer and more humid air returned to the state. Morning low temperatures dipped to 45 degrees at Spencer on Tuesday (7th) and Elkader on Wednesday (8th) while daytime highs only reached the low sixties over parts of southeast Iowa on Wednesday. High temperatures reached 91 degrees at Glenwood, Little Sioux, Shenandoah, and Sidney on Saturday (11th) and94 degrees at Spencer and Sioux City on Sunday (12th). Temperatures for the week as a whole averaged4.3 degrees below normal. Rain fell statewide between Sunday (5th) night and Monday (6th) night with greatest amounts near five inches in Muscatine and Scott counties. Dry weather prevailed over most of the state until Saturday when showers and thunderstorms dampened the southern one-half to two-thirds of Iowa. Greatest rains with this second event fell over south central Iowa where three to five inch totals fell over parts of Union,Clarke, Wayne, and Appanoose counties. Weekly rain totals varied from only 0.04 inches at McGregor in northeast Iowa and at the opposite corner of the state with 0.05 inches at Randolph in Fremont County. Greatest rain totals included 5.53 inches at the Davenport Airport and 5.35 inches at Lake Rathbun Dam. The statewide average precipitation was 1.50 inches while normal for the week is 1.05 inches.
USDA Weekly Crop Progress - Corn, Soybean Conditions Fall
The pace of corn silking is 7 percentage points behind average and condition ratings fell slightly in the week ended July 12, according to USDA's latest weekly Crop Progress and Conditions report.
Corn is 27% silked, compared to 12% last week and a five-year average of 34%. Condition ratings fell to 9% poor to very poor, compared to 8% last week, and sixty-nine percent of the corn crop was rated good to excellent.
Soybeans are 38% blooming and 6% setting pods, compared to 21% bloomed last week and averages of 37% bloomed and 7% setting pods. Soybean conditions fell to 11% poor to very poor, compared to 9% last week, with sixty-two percent of soybeans were rated in good-to-excellent condition.
Winter wheat harvest is 65% complete compared to 67% last year and a 68% average. Spring wheat is 91% headed compared to 66% last year and a 66% average. Spring wheat conditions improved slightly.
Cotton is 61% squaring and 18% setting bolls, compared to 68% and 22% last week and 70% and 24% on average. Cotton condition improved slightly.
Rice is 30% headed compared to 23% last year and a 22% average. Rice condition also improved slightly.
Sorghum is 28% headed and 17% coloring, compared to 24% headed last week and 28% headed and 21% coloring last year. Oats are 10% harvested, compared to a 15% average. Barley is 95% headed compared to 80% last year and a 69% average. Sorghum and oat condition held steady, barley condition decreased slightly.
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